Hydrogen sulfide gas emissions in the human-occupied zone during disturbance and removal of stored spent mushroom compost

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dc.contributor.author Velusami, Balasubramanian
dc.contributor.author Curran, Thomas P.
dc.contributor.author Grogan, Helen
dc.date.accessioned 2014-01-20T09:35:11Z
dc.date.available 2014-01-20T09:35:11Z
dc.date.copyright 2013, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers en
dc.date.issued 2013-12
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/5239
dc.description.abstract Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas levels were monitored in the human-occupied zone at four spent mushroom compost (SMC) storage sites during removal of SMC for application on agricultural land. During SMC removal operations, H2S gas monitors were mounted on the outside of the tractor, positioned at the SMC periphery, and worn by individual tractor drivers. The highest H2S concentrations (10 s average) detected outside the tractor, at the SMC periphery, and for the tractor driver were, respectively, 454, 249, and 100 ppm for the outdoor sites and 214, 75, and 51 ppm for the indoor sites. The highest short-term exposure values (STEV, over a 15 min period) outside the tractor, at the SMC periphery, and for the tractor driver were 147, 55, and 86 ppm for the outdoor sites and 19, 9, and 10 ppm for the indoor sites. The values exceeded the current maximum permissible concentration limit of 10 ppm for all the sites except for the SMC periphery and tractor driver at the indoor sites. Results suggest that H2S levels detected at indoor storage sites during SMC removal are lower compared to outdoor storage sites. Results indicate that there is a substantial health and safety risk associated with working in the vicinity of stored SMC when it is being disturbed and removed for land application, and that the risk is great for the tractor driver. This article discusses possible control measures and lists recommendations to reduce the risks. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers en
dc.subject Hydrogen sulphide en
dc.subject Tractor driver en
dc.subject Health and safety en
dc.subject Spent mushroom compost en
dc.title Hydrogen sulfide gas emissions in the human-occupied zone during disturbance and removal of stored spent mushroom compost en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.internal.authorcontactother tom.curran@ucd.ie
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 19 en
dc.identifier.issue 4 en
dc.identifier.startpage 277 en
dc.identifier.endpage 291 en
dc.identifier.doi 10.13031/jash.19.10444
dc.neeo.contributor Velusami|Balasubramanian|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Curran|Thomas P.|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Grogan|Helen|aut|
dc.description.othersponsorship Teagasc Walsh Fellowship en
dc.description.admin Author has checked copyright en
dc.description.admin AD 16/01/2014 en
dc.internal.rmsid 373514326
dc.date.updated 2014-01-10T14:28:56Z


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