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dc.contributor.author Toner, John
dc.contributor.author Montero, Barbara Gail
dc.contributor.author Moran, Aidan P.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-09-29T09:02:37Z
dc.date.available 2015-09-29T09:02:37Z
dc.date.copyright 2015 American Psychological Association en
dc.date.issued 2015-12
dc.identifier.citation Review of General Psychology en
dc.identifier.issn 1089-2680
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/7136
dc.description.abstract Classical theories of skill acquisition propose that automatization (i.e., performance requires progressively less attention as experience is acquired) is a defining characteristic of expertise in a variety of domains (e.g., Fitts & Posner, 1967). Automaticity is believed to enhance smooth and efficient skill execution by allowing performers to focus on strategic elements of performance rather than on the mechanical details that govern task implementation (see Williams & Ford, 2008). By contrast, conscious processing (i.e., paying conscious attention to one’s action during motor execution) has been found to disrupt skilled movement and performance proficiency (e.g., Beilock & Carr, 2001). On the basis of this evidence, researchers have tended to extol the virtues of automaticity. However, few researchers have considered the wide range of empirical evidence which indicates that highly automated behaviours can, on occasion, lead to a series of errors that may prove deleterious to skilled performance. Therefore, the purpose of the current paper is to highlight the perils, rather than the virtues, of automaticity. We draw on Reason’s (1990) classification scheme of everyday errors to show how an over-reliance on automated procedures may lead to three specific performance errors (i.e., mistakes, slips and lapses) in a variety of skill domains (e.g., sport, dance, music). We conclude by arguing that skilled performance requires the dynamic interplay of automatic processing and conscious processing in order to avoid performance errors and to meet the contextually-contingent demands that characterise competitive environments in a range of skill domains. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher American Psychological Association en
dc.rights This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. en
dc.subject Automaticity en
dc.subject Expertise en
dc.subject Performance error en
dc.subject Cognitive control en
dc.title The perils of automaticity en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.internal.authorcontactother aidan.moran@ucd.ie
dc.internal.webversions http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/gpr/
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 19
dc.identifier.issue 4
dc.identifier.startpage 431
dc.identifier.endpage 442
dc.identifier.doi 10.1037/gpr0000054
dc.neeo.contributor Toner|John|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Montero|Barbara Gail|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Moran|Aidan P.|aut|
dc.internal.rmsid 510871201


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