The Mode Shifting Index (MSI): A new measure of the creative thinking skill of shifting between associative and analytic thinking

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dc.contributor.author Pringle, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Sowden, Paul T.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-19T12:11:36Z
dc.date.copyright 2016 Elsevier en
dc.date.issued 2017-03
dc.identifier.citation Thinking Skills and Creativity en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/8527
dc.description.abstract Shifting between associative and analytic modes of thought appears to be a key thinking skill for creativity, enabling one to both generate and evaluate creative ideas. However, there currently exists no ready self-report means of assessing mode shifting. We developed a novel self-report measure of mode shifting, the Mode Shifting Index, (MSI) to fulfil this need. The MSI was administered to a sample (N = 332) comprising a group from a recognized area of creative endeavour requiring design skills, architecture, and two control groups from non-design domains, specifically medicine and other professionals and university students. MSI items were answered with respect to two different contexts: mode shifting on ones university course or within ones work (professional context) and outside of university or work in everyday life (everyday context). Principal components analyses revealed two components in each context: metacognitive awareness of shifting and shifting competence. Metacognitive awareness of shifting demonstrated validity by successfully capturing the increase in awareness of mode shifting expected from the architecture group relative to the two control groups. This effect was only reported within the professional context and architects themselves reported increased awareness of shifting in their professional compared to their everyday context. These findings suggest that awareness of shifting could be a learned skill that can be selectively increased within a context in which it is particularly useful to shift, that is when engaged in a creative endeavour. The MSI shows promise as a tool for both furthering our understanding of and assessing mode shifting. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.rights This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Thinking Skills and Creativity. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Thinking Skills and Creativity (VOL 23, ISSUE 2017, (2017)) DOI: 10.1016/j.tsc.2016.10.010. en
dc.subject Mode shifting en
dc.subject Metacognition en
dc.subject Creative thinking en
dc.subject Creativity assessment en
dc.subject Design en
dc.title The Mode Shifting Index (MSI): A new measure of the creative thinking skill of shifting between associative and analytic thinking en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 23 en
dc.identifier.startpage 17 en
dc.identifier.endpage 28 en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.tsc.2016.10.010
dc.neeo.contributor Pringle|Andrew|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Sowden|Paul T.|aut|
dc.date.embargo 2019-03-01
dc.date.updated 2016-12-13T12:39:43Z
 Access to this item has been restricted by the copyright holder until: 2019-03-01

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