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- PublicationAcademics Becoming Activists: Reflections on Some Ethical Issues of the Justice for Magdalenes Campaign(Palgrave Macmillan, 2018-04-04)Magdalene institutions in Ireland date from the (mid-)eighteenth century, and until the late nineteenth century their history parallels that of asylums for poor and destitute women found all over Europe, run by religious orders or lay-managed philantrophic concerns seeking to provide needy women with refuge. Magdalene asylums often provided training and references of good character for these women so that after their rehabilitation they could go into service and earn a living. The Magdalenes were run according to Protestant or Catholic ethos: most Christian denominations took the life of Mary Magdalene as their inspiration. Christian traditions hold that Mary Magdalene was a prostitute who did penance for her sinful ways by washing the feet of Jesus and drying his feet with her hair. Jesus forgave Mary Magdalene her sins and she became one of his most prominent followers. The rationale for these institutions was that even the prostitute, that most scandalous and sinful of women, could be forgiven for her sins if she was sufficiently remorseful and did penance for her sins. The Christian concept of penance involves actions of humility and labour—the more humble and more onerous the labour, the greater Divine grace and forgiveness might be bestowed. Many Christian traditions have focused on controlling the reproductive and sexual bodies of women on the assumption that female sexuality is replete with causing ‘occasions of sin.’ The nominally celibate, exclusively male Roman Catholic clergy long monitored and admonished monitoring Catholic women’s reproduction and sexuality, promoting a cultural view that women (like their Biblical foremother Eve) tempt men into sexual sin.
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- PublicationAccounting Narratives and Impression ManagementThis chapter focuses on impression management in accounting communication. Impression management entails the construction of an impression by organisations with the intention to appeal to their audiences, including shareholders, stakeholders, the general public, and the media. If successful, it undermines the quality of financial reporting and capital misallocations may result. What is more, wider social and political consequences include unwarranted support by non-financial stakeholders or by society at large. Impression management is examined by reference to four perspectives: the economic, psychological, sociological, and critical. These variously conceptualise impression management as reporting bias, self-serving bias, symbolic management, and ideological bias.
- PublicationThe Acquisition of Sociolinguistic Native Speech Norms: effects of a year abroad on L2 learners of French(John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1995)
- PublicationAcross the briny ocean : some thoughts on Irish emigration to America 1800-1850(John Donald (Birlinn Ltd), 1983)
- PublicationActing against your better judgementI defend a Davidsonian approach to weakness of will against some recent arguments by John McDowell, and adapt the approach to meet other objections. Instead of treating one’s better judgement as a conditional judgement about what is desirable to do given available reasons, it is proposed to treat it as an unconditional judgement about what is desirable to do from a rational perspective that one takes to be the right perspective to have. This makes sense of Aristotle’s claim that desire is for the good or the apparent good: judgements of desirability generally concern the apparent good, whereas judgements of desirability from rational perspectives that are judged to be the ones to have are judgements of the actual good. Weakness of will occurs when one’s actual rational perspective is not the one that one takes to be the one to have - i.e. when one’s judgement of the apparent good does not coincide with one’s judgement of the actual good. One makes two judgements – one from an adopted perspective that one judges to be the one to have and one from one’s actual perspective.
- PublicationAdiós, Hemingway: il falso policial si piega all'analisi antropologica(Lippolis, 2009-01-01)Leonardo Padura Fuentes oggi è uno dei giallisti cubani più conosciuti e letti all’estero. I suoi romanzi interpretano la realtà in modo critico e disincantato. Lo scrittore svolge la sua critica dall’interno dell’Isola e utilizza la sua arte per descrivere la complessità sociale habanera tramite una nuova forma di romanzo poliziesco.
- PublicationAdorno's Reconception of the Dialectic(Wiley-Blackwell, 2011-04-21)Adorno’s work contains a number of radical criticisms of Hegel that reveal deep philosophical differences between the two philosophers. He represents Hegel’s philosophy as directed, ultimately, against particularity and individual experience. The core motivation of Hegel’s philosophy, Adorno argues, is a concern with system and universality. Conceived in this way it is antagonistic to the idea of non-identity, the very idea that lies at the centre of Adorno’s philosophical project.
- PublicationAdvertising and the Organizational Production of HumourThis chapter discusses humour as it is deliberately produced by organizations through advertising. Using beer advertisements as an example, our aim is to explain the increasing prevalence of advertising-based organizational humour during the period that has come to be known as late capitalism. Drawing on the literature on humour in advertising, the chapter explores the irony of how such advertisements provide a comedic critique of the code that acts to control and construct consumers, while also being a constitutive part of that process.
- PublicationAffect and the history of women, gender and masculinity(Irish Academic Press, 2009)This article begins with looking at the disciplines of literary studies and history to discuss how they are distinct yet share a certain overlapping ground. Literary studies’ focus on the subject matter of affect and historians’ focus on verifying facts are rudimentary distinctions between the fields but despite the differences in method and perspective between these disciplines, the boundaries of feminist history and feminist literary studies have intersected to create a shared territory for the field of the history of women, in which the examination of affect is a crucial focus. Romantic passion between women still remains a problematic topic for women’s history but is a fertile area of study in gender history. The article looks at the relatively recent academic endeavour of historicising masculinity, and on the new work, which focuses on understanding the expression and status of emotion in male bonding. The argument is made that these historians of masculinity follow in the footsteps of feminist historical studies of affect and feminist gender history. The essay closes with thought on how this focus on historicising affect, specifically love, commitment, friendship and desire for intimacy has reverberations in contemporary society.
- PublicationAffective Equality and Social Justice(Routledge, 2020-10-29)Affective relations are not social derivatives subordinate to economic, political, or cultural relations in matters of social justice. Rather, they are productive, materialist human relations that constitute people mentally, emotionally, physically, and socially. The nurturing work that produces love, care, and solidarity operates under principles of other-centredness, even when it fails in this purpose. Furthermore, neither love nor care are purely personal or intimate matters; care exists as a public practice, be it in terms of health care, environmental care, community care, educational care or public welfare; solidarity can be regarded as the political expression of such public care. Because the relational realities of nurturing (and their counterpoint, neglect) operate as a distinct set of social practices, love, care and solidarity relations are sites of political import that need to be examined separately in social justice terms. The lack of appreciation of affective relations leads to a failure to recognise their pivotal role in generating injustices in the production of people in their humanness. This paper outlines a framework for thinking about affective relations in structural social justice terms. In so doing, it hopes to contribute to the redistribution, recognition, representation debate about justice by making the case for a fourth dimension, relational justice. The framework is sociologically informed by theoretical work and empirical research undertaken on love, care and solidarity. It takes a structural rather than individualist approach to social justice, arguing that equality of conditions matter as it is impossible to have anything but weak forms of equality of opportunity in economically and politically (structurally) unjust societies.
- Publication‘After Before’: Finding Welsh War PoetryThis essay considers works by Robert Minhinnick and Owen Sheers. Concentrating on Minhinnick’s 2008 volume King Driftwood, I examine his response to the Iraq War and how this connects with his earlier experience of visiting Baghdad following the Gulf War. Minhinnick’s travelogues attempt to suture the geographic distance between Iraq and south Wales. Owen Sheers’s verse drama Pink Mist was commissioned by BBC Radio 4 and was published by Faber in 2013. This work offers perspectives upon the impact of the Afghanistan War on veterans and their families. Sheers has also worked with the testimonies and memories of British veterans. For both poets, I consider how the role of the poem as a social document is navigated in their poetics, and whether the poem functions as a transformative site for trauma. I also propose that both poets, in different ways, reflect upon the cultural complexities of Welsh militarism, post-devolution.
- PublicationAfter Kant, Sellars, and Meillassoux: Back to Empirical Realism?(Routledge, 2017-09-11)This chapter examines how Meillassoux's conception of correlationism in After Finitude relates firstly to Kant's transcendental idealist philosophy, and secondly to the analytic Kantianism of Wilfrid Sellars. I argue that central to the views of both Kant and Sellars is what might be called, with an ambivalent nod to Meillassoux, an objective correlationism. What emerges in the end as the recommended upshot of these analyses is a naturalistic Kantianism that takes the form of an empirical realism in roughly Kant's sense, but one that is happily wed with Sellars' scientific realism, once the latter is disentangled from two implausible commitments that made such a reconciliation seem impossible to Sellars himself.
- PublicationAfter the 'Big Bang' - What? Or Minioan Symbols and Shrines Beyond Palatial Collapse(Oxford University Press, 1994)
- PublicationAfter the Mutabilitie Cantos: Yeats and Heaney Reading Spenser(Manchester University Press, 2010-07)When Yeats first turned to Spenser in a professional way, it was a chance opportunity to generate some income. ‘It is good pay,’ he wrote to his friend, Lady Augusta Gregory, and ‘I may do it if I have not to do it at once. I have a good deal to say about Spenser but tremble at the thought of reading his six books.’ He was writing of the invitation he had just received from an Edinburgh publisher to select and introduce Spenser’s poetry for their ‘Golden Poets’ series. That close encounter, when in due course it ensued, was to provide Yeats with several crucial things that he didn’t yet know he was looking for. What he ultimately found in Spenser was a potent model of Irish poetry in English in Ireland, a Protestant poetic progenitor and with it, an originary tradition for his own poetry.
- PublicationAfterword: Guide to the Judith Butler's Universe(Ad Marginem, 2018-09-03)This book is an extraordinarily great success for the Russian intellectual community. It summarizes all the main ideas of Judith Butler's work, from her first book, Gender Trouble, treating fundamental social categories as performative, to the current project in which she proposes a new democracy based on alliances and coalitions instead of aging identity movements. At the same time, the author independently brings together her own ideas, which have always maintained interconnection, but have never been explicitly presented in such a consistent presentation. The relatively small number of translations of Butler's works into Russian largely determines the meager acquaintance with these ideas in the Russian academic environment. Another important obstacle is the confusing and overly specific language of translations, only partly dictated by the original. Although not all of these obstacles have been fully overcome in this edition, the structure of the book and the lecture style of presentation of the material in many respects make it possible to solve these problems and finally get to know the philosopher's theories in Russian quite fully.
- PublicationAgencies for European Regulatory Governance: A Regimes Approach(Edward Elgar Publishing, 2005)