Browsing by Type "Technical Report"
Now showing 1 - 20 of 640
Results Per Page
- PublicationAbstracts from a report of a WHO/FAO/OIE consultancy on animal tuberculosis vaccines held in Geneva in August, 1994(University College Dublin. Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, 1995-07)
- PublicationThe Academic Profession in IrelandThis study examined the nature and extent of the changes experienced by the academic profession in Ireland in recent years. The report outlines current characteristics of the academic profession — those who teach and/or research — providing a profile of academics in Ireland. Three themes are investigated: the professional contexts of Irish academics, their teaching and research situations, and their experiences of governance and management within their institutions.
- PublicationAcademic review of practice instruments : national care planning project(HSE and the National Care Planning Project, 2006-10)The terms of reference for the academic review included consideration both of the practice instruments developed for the NCCP against national and international best practice and research, and addressed questions on their impact on outcomes of child placement. This review takes a wide view in appraising the practice instruments, focusing on contextual as well as clinical applications, as referenced in the NCPP goals. However, it does not attempt to cover general ground already well reported in other evaluation processes. It does draw on specific commentary on the practice instruments in use during the interim and final evaluations.
- PublicationAcross the Spectrum: Attitudes towards Minoritised Genders and Sexualities in IrelandThis research had three main objectives: 1. To assess attitudes towards different groups of people within the LGBT+ community, including Lesbian women, Gay men, Bisexual people, Trans people, Non-binary people and Intersex people; 2. To assess beliefs about gender and sexuality; and 3.To assess support for policies relevant to, and supportive of, the LGBT+ community. These objectives were addressed in a descriptive study using a mixed-methods cross-sectional survey design. Over 700 participants from the general public completed the online survey. Ethical approval to conduct this research was granted by the University College Dublin Human Research Ethics Committee. The results of both the quantitative and qualitative data suggest a broad acceptance of LGBT+ identities and a desire to not judge, categorise or prescribe how LGBT+ people live. However, the clear difference in support for identities, beliefs and policies that pertain to groups that are often seen as more normative, specifically Gay men and Lesbian women, compared to those that may be perceived as more transgressive of gender norms, such as Bi, Trans, Non-binary and Intersex people, is a central theme in this report.
- PublicationActing Now While Preparing for Tomorrow: Competitiveness upgrading under the shadow of COVID-19This paper aims to provide policy makers, especially those focused on the longer-term growth potential of their countries, with an initial framework to think about their action priorities in the context of the overall COVID-19 response. Our focus is on the supply-side, microeconomic, and firm-centric response to the virus and its economic repercussions, a dimension that, in our view, needs to be added to the public health and macroeconomic issues currently dominating the debate. We argue that, for the approach towards partial re-opening of economies to be effective in reviving economic activity, public health measures need to be accompanied by a microeconomic toolkit. China’s economic data suggests that a full recovery is not automatic even when restrictions are removed, and the US evidence suggests that the degree of economic slowdown by state is not simply a function of the public health restrictions put in place. A large set of microeconomic barriers, from disrupted supply chains to weakened balance sheets to the need to establish new safe operating procedures, will need to be addressed as well to get closer towards economic normality. We argue that, in the approach to post-pandemic recovery, macroeconomic policies need to be accompanied by upgrading microeconomic competitiveness to ensure sustained, robust growth. The microeconomic factors to address include the quality of institutions, the quality of factor-input conditions, the openness of markets, the rules and regulations affecting businesses, and the presence of dynamic clusters and the sophistication of companies. The global financial crisis (GFC) showed how even successful macroeconomic stabilization can result in lower long-term productivity and prosperity growth. We outline a set of key factors to consider as countries develop a post-COVID plan for competitiveness upgrading to achieve a sustained and healthy recovery. The paper focuses on identifying key policy issues governments will have to address, without being overly prescriptive on the specific actions to take. While providing specific answers will obviously be important, past crises have shown that countries tripped up not only because they provided the wrong answers but also because they failed to focus on the right questions.
- PublicationActive Learning for Multi-Label Image AnnotationActive learning is useful in situations where labeled data is scarce, unlabeled data is available and labeling has some cost associated with it. In such situations active learning helps by identifying a minimal set of items to label that will allow the training of an effective classifier. Thus active learning is appropriate for annotation tasks in multimedia, particularly in image labeling. In this paper we address the challenge of using active learning for multi-labeling of images in personal image collections. Multi-label learning covers situations where objects can have more than one class label and a learner is trained to assign multiple labels simultaneously. In this paper we report results on a learning system for labeling personal image collections that is both active and multi-label. The focus of the research has been to reduce the overall number of images that are presented to the user for labeling.
- PublicationAdaptive management of multigranular spatio-temporal object attributesIn applications involving spatio-temporal modelling, granularities of data may have to adapt according to the evolving semantics and significance of data. To address such a problem, in this paper we define ST2 ODMGe, a multigranular spatio-temporal model supporting evolutions, which encompass the dynamic adaptation of attribute granularities, and the deletion of attribute values. Evolutions are specified as Event - Condition - Action rules and are performed at run-time. The event, the condition and the action may refer to a period of time and a geographical area. Periodic evolutions may be specified, referring to both transaction and valid time dimensions. The evolution may also be constrained by the attribute values. Evolutions greatly enhance flexibility in multigranular spatio-temporal data handling but require revisiting the notion of object consistency with respect to class definitions and access to multigranular object values.
- PublicationAdding real time into state machine analysis of digital evidence(University College Dublin. School of Computer Science and Informatics, 2006)This report describes an extension of the finite state machine theory of digital event reconstruction. The proposed extension adds the known times of witness observations as formal objects in the theory and uses them to compute temporal bounds of events, whose time is not known.
- PublicationAddressing Health and Wellbeing Challenges for Homeless Children and Families Living in Temporary and Emergency AccommodationData from homeless charities and service organisations suggest that the number of homeless families with young children has been increasing in Ireland, and particularly in Dublin, in recent years. In October 2019 in Ireland, 1700 families including almost 1000 single parents and 3826 children were in this situation. In Dublin this accounted for 1270 families, 700 single parents and 2795 children.
- PublicationAdult Safeguarding and People Living with Dementia in Nursing HomesWhile there has been an increased focus on ageing in place in the Irish context, for some people, including people living with dementia (PLWD), nursing home care may be required to adequately meet their care needs as their dementia progresses and care needs increase. Nursing homes are the homes of many PLWD who, despite their frailty and health problems (including dementia), should be supported to enjoy a good quality of life, maintain, and develop relationships, and contribute to society (ADI, 2013).
- PublicationAgriBenchmark: Benchmarking Sustainable Nutrient Management on Irish Farms. EPA Research Report No.274AgriBenchmark explored the possibilities for benchmarking of nutrient management performance on Irish farms. Teagasc National Farm Survey (NFS) data (2008–2015; 1446 farms) was used to characterise and explore the potential for improvement of farm nutrient management performance and resultant aspects of environmental and economic sustainability through the derivation of three key performance indicators.
- PublicationAgricultural atmospheric ammonia: identification & assessment of potential impactsThis Irish Wildlife Manual aims to summarise: The effects of emissions of ammonia from intensive agricultural sources and its deposition on biodiversity. The regulatory requirements for the assessment of these effects and the indicators of adverse effects including physical observations and theoretical limits used in modelling assessment. The approach recommended by the Irish EPA and approaches used in various European Countries that are currently used to assess and report on the potential effects of emissions of ammonia from agricultural development. A framework for high-level review of dispersion modelling assessment intended for non-expert users of dispersion models that details a non-technical basis to consider whether the critical components of a dispersion modelling study meet the requirements of dispersion modelling guidance issued by the Irish EPA.
- PublicationAlphabetical voting : an analysis of the 1973 general election in the Republic of Ireland
- PublicationAnalogical RetrievalWe observe that thus far all computational models of analogy have modelled memory as a set of disjoint, encapsulated, domains. As there does not appear to be any psychological evidence for modelling memory in this way, we suggest that a more realistic model of analogy could be constructed if memory was modelled as one large data structure. We argue that the retrieval sub-process of analogy may not be independent of the mapping sub-process, and that both processes may well be governed by structural similarity. We describe a computational model of analogy which incorporates these three ideas; it models mapping and retrieval together, uses structural similarity to govern matching, and models memory as one large data structure. Retrieval in this system corresponds to the searching of the data structure for analogical matches to a supplied probe. We suggest a practical and efficient algorithm for such retrieval.
- PublicationAnalyses of tuberculin reactor disclosure rates to in the south east region using the United States Bureau of the Census seasonal adjustment procedure(University College Dublin. Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, 1996-07)
- PublicationAn Analysis of Current Trends in CBR Research Using Multi-View ClusteringThe European Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) in 2008 marked 15 years of international and European CBR conferences where almost seven hundred research papers were published. In this report we review the research themes covered in these papers and identify the topics that are active at the moment. The main mechanism for this analysis is a clustering of the research papers based on both co-citation links and text similarity. It is interesting to note that the core set of papers has attracted citations from almost three thousand papers outside the conference collection so it is clear that the CBR conferences are a sub-part of a much larger whole. It is remarkable that the research themes revealed by this analysis do not map directly to the sub-topics of CBR that might appear in a textbook. Instead they reflect the applications-oriented focus of CBR research, and cover the promising application areas and research challenges that are faced.
- PublicationAnalysis of epidemiology reports on 3957 herd breakdowns in ten DVO regions during 1987-90
- PublicationAnalysis of epidemiology reports on outbreaks of tuberculosis involving 504 herds in 22 counties(University College Dublin. Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis, 1993-03)