Archaeology Research Collection

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 154
  • Publication
    Trackway Excavations in the Mountdillon Bogs, Co. Longford, 1985-1991
    The present volume is the culmination of seven seasons of excavtion in the Mountdillon, Co. Longford bogs. The Mountdillon campaign has shown the extraordinary potential of wetland studies in adding new perspectives to our knowledge of past societies. The work tells us far more than merely how people made track- ways at different times in the past. Behind the trackways we can get glimpses of the social organisation involved in their construction and in the preserved wooden artifacts from Corlea 1 we are afforded hitherto unsuspected insights into the intricacies of Iron Age joinery. O'Sullivan has shown how much we can learn about woodwork- ing techniques and Caseldine and Hatton indicate the information which the excavations give us on climatic and environmental changes over the millennia. Moloney has presented detailed evidence of wood selection in the past and Casparie, along with Moloney, presents important information about the microenvironment of the Corlea 1 roadway. Reilly's study of the insect remains at Corlea 9 also reveals environmental information which dryland sites can rarely provide. The larger trackways of oak, as Baillie and Brown show, have played an impor- tant role in establishing absolute dates for specific episodes of human activity in the region and the significant clustering of dates at certain periods seems confirmed by the large number of radiocarbon dates supplied by Lanting. In the case of Corlea 6, the precise dating of a trackway bearing the marks of metal tools has important implications for the dating of the earliest use of metal in Ireland. ÓhÓgáin's study of the placename evidence in the Tochmarc Étáine raises intriguing possibilities that the tale embodies a deep-seated folk memory of the great Corlea road.
      41
  • Publication
    Blackwater Survey & Excavations; Artefact Deterioration in Peatlands; Lough More, Co.Mayo
    With this work, following on the publication of the Late Bronze Age palisaded settlement at Clonfinlough Co. Offaly, we are reminded that wetland archaeology is not just about trackways. But trackways do, of course, form the core of the Unit’s work, as these are by far the commonest archaeological structures in the midland raised bogs. By now the Unit’s togher count is well into its second thousand. There is, indeed, no reason not to assume that the present total will not at least double by the end of the century. With such a rapidly increasing volume of material it is important that the Unit has developed a sophisticated and streamlined system of recording. This enables the fieldworkers to note with speed and accuracy all the relevant details of each individual structure encountered. This information is then presented in the volumes of the Transactions in a concise and consistent format. Thus, a comprehensive archive of the wetland structures in Ireland is in course of compilation and it is hoped that this important national project will continue to completion.
      26
  • Publication
    Recent Developments in Wetland Research. Proceedings of a conference held by the Department of Archaeology, University College, Dublin and the Wetland Archaeology Research Project (WARP) 26th-29th August 1998
    (University College Dublin. Department of Archaeology, 2001) ;
    This volume represents the proceedings of a conference on wetland archaeology held in University College Dublin in August 1998.
      107
  • Publication
    Survey of the Raised Bogs of County Longford
    (Crannóg Publication, University College Dublin, 1993) ; ; ;
    The archaeology of Longford is very much defined by the county’s topography. The undulating farmland of the north and east have provided a range of sites and objects comparable to other Midland counties. On the other hand, the broken chain of raised bogs in the south-west of the county has not received much attention until comparatively recently and their true archaeological potential has only been realised through the work of Raftery since 1985. The Wetland Unit survey was designed to compliment the Sites and Monuments Record and County Surveys undertaken by the Office of Public Works. It is hoped that this attention to the wetland evidence will augment the other predominantly dryland based surveys and provide a more com- plete picture of Longford archaeology. The urgency and need for the establishment of such a survey is best explained by the fact that of the 1.2 million hectares of wetland in Ireland, less than 17% remains relatively intact. A geological background for Longford has been undertaken by Margaret Keane.
      36
  • Publication
    Excavations at Clonfinlough County Offaly
    (Crannóg Publication, University College Dublin, 1993) ; ; ;
    The largescale excavations at the Clonfinlough settlement throw considerable light on aspects of life in later Bronze Age Ireland which have scarcely impinged up to now on the archaeological record. In particular the discovery of two large and somewhat enigmatic paddles raises intriguing questions on the nature of boating in Ireland early in the last pre-Christian millennium. The absolute dating of the site through dendrochronology gives its importance an added dimension. The Unit has now recorded more than one thousand trackways in the three counties in which it has thus far been active and it is clear that many more examples will be found as the survey progresses. It may also be assumed that other sites similar to that at Clonfinlough will be brought to light. It is thus a matter of great satis- faction that the faith and trust of the Office of Public Works in agreeing to the establishment of the Unit in 1990 has been amply justified.
      37