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- PublicationReuse and Cult at the Mycenaean tombs of Kephalonia in the Ancient Historical Periods(Society of Kefalonian Historical Research, 2018-05-25)The reuse of Mycenaean tombs for cult purposes in the historical periods, usually referred to as tomb cult, is documented in many parts of Greece and to date a long bibliography exists on the subject. This could take the form of new burials in the tombs, but more commonly it is manifested by the deposition in the interior of the tombs or their immediate vicinity of offerings of pottery vessels, jewellery, figurines, loom-weights, miniature vessels or other small objects. Less common is the occurrence of burnt layers of animal bones (possible evidence of sacrifices or meals), or the re-arrangement and removal of human bones. Only exceptionally are altars or shrines erected in association with the tombs.
- PublicationThe Pottery from the Mycenaean Site of Palia Staneprospholeika, Κephalonia. A Preliminary Report(Fund of Archaeological Proceeds, 2017-11-26)The site of Palia Stane-Prospholeika (P. Tsilimidos property) is located at a short distance south of the modern town of Argostoli, and occupies a commanding position on the lower slopes of the hilly zone overlooking the alluvial plain and the bay of Koutavos to the ENE. Four short excavation campaigns have taken place (2010, 2013, 2014) under the direction of Andreas Sotiriou of the 35th EΠKA. The excavation of the plot has not been completed. Preliminary results were presented at the 2014 Conference on the Archaeological Work in NW Greece and the Ionian Islands (Σωτηρίου et al. 2018).
- PublicationLaconism and Democracy: Re-reading the Lakedaimoniōn Politeia and Re-thinking Xenophon(Cambridge Scholars, 2012-08-01)The present paper proposes that circular reasoning colours the way that we approach Xenophon's Lakedaimoniōn Politeia and obscures its role in Xenophon's corpus. Part one deconstructs some of the suppositional evidence underpinning the longstanding communis opinio that Xenophon was innately predisposed to reject democracy, while part two offers a new reading of the Lakedaimoniōn Politeia. This perspective considers the themes of the Lakedaimoniōn Politeia alongside Xenophon's Memorabilia and Plato's Alcibiades I, and highlights the work's unity and its capacity to rebuke members of the Athenian elite accused of laconising and subverting democracy.
- PublicationAuthority and Authorship in the Medicina Plinii(WVT Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2009-10-02)Authority is central to the practice of medicine. In antiquity, in the absence of strong institutional frameworks guaranteeing a doctor’s credentials, creating the right impression of knowledge, skill and moral character was a serious concern for the individual practitioner. The instructions on everything from bedside manner to personal morality contained in ancient medical texts from the Hippocratic Corpus to Galen bear witness to the pressing nature of the doctor’s efforts to establish an authoritative persona which would encourage trust between himself and his patients. But if persuading the patient of his authority was important to the individual doctor, claims to authority were also central to the project of producing a medical text. A medical text needed to persuade the reader that its information was accurate and effective, and, as in the case of the doctor, this persuasion rested not just on proven results, but on persuasive strategies employed by the text’s author. As the articles in this volume demonstrate, these strategies vary from text to text and from author to author. Galen, for instance, claims authority through his engagement with philosophical concerns, the emphasis on the physician’s practical experience, his polemical and doxographical approach to earlier authorities, but he also relies on the creation of a strong authorial persona, his demonstration of careful philological practice, and the interplay between the many texts he has written. My aim here is to explore the specific problems that confront the author of a pseudonymous book of extracts, the Medicina Plinii, and the peculiar set of difficulties that its genre and its pseudonymity pose for how authority can be established.
- PublicationThe authority of writing in Varro’s De re rustica(Cambridge University Press, 2017-01)In Varro’s De re rustica, owning a farm does not make you a farmer, any more than owning a cithara means knowing how to use it. It is a playful analogy, comparing the business of Roman farming with the pleasures of Greek music, and one that points to a central theme in Varro’s dialogues on agriculture: the relationship between the elite Roman owners of country property and the knowledge they need in order to enjoy and profit from the land. Each of the three books of the De re rustica is addressed to someone who owns a farm, but apparently lacks knowledge on how to run it successfully. The first book, addressed to his wife Fundania, deals with arable farming, and is set at a dinner party that is called off abruptly when news comes that the absent host has been murdered in the forum. The second, on large livestock farming, is addressed to Turranius Niger, and set in Epirus when Varro was acting as a general in the war with the pirates. The final book is addressed to Pinnius, and deals with smaller livestock, such as birds, bees and game, and is set in the Villa Publica during the aedile elections. Varro writes of himself as a character in each of these dialogues, a participant in conversations with other elite Romans, both real and fictional, who exchange knowledge about farming in time borrowed from other responsibilities.
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