Information and Communication Studies Research Collection

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 134
  • Publication
    Emerging journalism in Early Modern Europe: The Time of Rebellions: Ireland, Catalonia, and Portugal (1640-1714)
    (University College Dublin, 2024-02-28)
    This paper – which is intended to be developed in more detail in the future – is of a comparative nature. We will focus on three places in Europe where rebellions took place from 1640 onwards, discontent with the treatment of the composite monarchies they belonged to. Those movements had very different roots and effects, but still, they had also many things in common. During those rebellions, journalism – meaning, the periodical press, non-periodical one existed before it – appeared and, with some difficulty, was developed between 1640 and 1714, from the time in which such revolts or risings happened in Ireland, Catalonia, and Portugal to the time in which Europe changed because of the Spanish succession war – a pan-European conflict nevertheless, hegemony of European powers and monarchies was at stake – and because of the Utrecht Treaty (1713). Just one year later, in September 1714, when Barcelona fell under the new Spanish king’s army, it was also the end of a journalistic model in Catalonia. We will focus not on those revolts themselves, but on journalism. This is a media history approach, but we will not only mention newspapers. Our main interest is the people behind those initiatives, so this is sort of a social history too.
      30
  • Publication
    Housing inequality coverage in the media: A comparative analysis
    (University College Dublin, 2024-02-26) ; ;
    This report is the main result of the stay I conducted at University College Dublin - An Coláiste Ollscoile, Baile Átha Cliath (Ireland) for six months, from September 1, 2023, until February 2024, thanks to a Salvador de Madriaga grant by the Spanish Ministry of Universities, to whom I am profoundly grateful for the support, and for the experience of having such an opportunity of living and working abroad.
      22
  • Publication
    Metrics and epistemic injustice
    (Emerald, 2022-05-10)
    Purpose: This paper examines the socio-political affordances of metrics in research evaluation and the consequences of epistemic injustice in research practices and recorded knowledge. Design/methodology/approach: First, the use of metrics is examined as a mechanism that promotes competition and social acceleration. Second, it is argued that the use of metrics in a competitive research culture reproduces systemic inequalities and leads to epistemic injustice. The conceptual analysis draws on works of Hartmut Rosa and Miranda Fricker, amongst others. Findings: The use of metrics is largely driven by competition such as university rankings and league tables. Not only that metrics are not designed to enrich academic and research culture, they also suppress the visibility and credibility of works by minorities. As such, metrics perpetuate epistemic injustice in knowledge practices; at the same time, the reliability of metrics for bibliometric and scientometric studies is put into question. Social implications: As metrics leverage who can speak and who will be heard, epistemic injustice is reflected in recorded knowledge and what we consider to be information. Originality/value: This paper contributes to the discussion of metrics beyond bibliometric studies and research evaluation. It argues that metrics-induced competition is antithetical to equality and diversity in research practices.
      132Scopus© Citations 5
  • Publication
    No metrics for postdocs: Precarious labour in science policy
    (2021-07-15)
    In recent years, the pressure of producing impacts such as the creation of intellectual property and other commercialisation activities ('knowledge transfer') has increasingly dominated the discourse of research institutions and universities. Research projects can be comparable to 'gigs' when they employ postdocs on precarious fixed-term contracts. However, there seems to be little consideration in research and science policy about the career development of postdocs beyond funded projects and there seems to be no metrics about the contributions of postdocs to knowledge production, nor data about 'brain drain' as a result of precarious contracts. Using in-depth, semi-structured interviews with postdocs, PIs, and support staff, this study aims to understand the perceived roles of postdocs as a career stage and the perceived success factors that help them transitioning from precarious contracts to long-term academic/research positions. The work-in-progress paper will discuss some preliminary findings including the meanings and contexts of postdoc, as well as the problems and issues of precarious, fixed-term contracts in relation to publication and knowledge production. This paper also calls for comprehensive data collection and analysis about the contributions by postdoctoral researchers and the potential loss of knowledge as a result of the precariousness of academic career.
      137
  • Publication
    When data replace norms: Platformisation of knowledge production
    (2021-08-13)
    Little attention has been paid to the research infrastructure that is tracing, tracking, monitoring and benchmarking individuals' and groups' performance and their implications for epistemic cultures and knowledge production. This paper discusses how the use of evaluative metrics and the dominence of data analytics can lead to platformisation of knowledge production by examining the normative view of science and epistemic cultures and the current development of research infrastructure such as vertical integration of research products. This paper argues that the dominance of commercial platformisation can decimate the negotiation powers of those who produce and review scientific outputs because researchers are acculturated to chase after funding, metrics, and data-driven economic and societal impacts. It is the objective of this paper to open up critical examination of the platformisation of knowledge production.
      115