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    Optimization of RIS-aided MIMO Systems via the Cutoff Rate
    The main difficulty concerning optimizing the mutual information (MI) in reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided communication systems with discrete signaling is the inability to formulate this optimization problem in an analytically tractable manner. Therefore, we propose to use the cutoff rate (CR) as a more tractable metric for optimizing the MI and introduce two optimization methods to maximize the CR. The first method is based on the projected gradient method (PGM), while the second method is derived from the principles of successive convex approximation (SCA). Simulation results show that the proposed optimization methods significantly enhance the CR and the corresponding MI.
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