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Isolation of Bowman-Birk-Inhibitor from soybean extracts using novel peptide probes and high gradient magnetic separation
2012-10-15, Fields, Conor, Mallee, Paul, Lee, Gil U.
Soybean proteins offer exceptional promise in the area of cancer prevention and treatment. Specifically, Bowman-Birk Inhibitor (BBI) has the ability to suppress carcinogenesis in vivo, which has been attributed to BBI’s inhibition of serine protease (trypsin and chymotrypsin) activity. The lack of molecular probes for the isolation of this protein has made it difficult to work with, limiting its progress as a significant candidate in the treatment of cancer. This study has successfully identified a set of novel synthetic peptides targeting the BBI, and has demonstrated the ability to bind BBI in vitro. One of those probes has been covalently immobilised on superparamagnetic microbeads to allow the isolation of BBI from soy whey mixtures in a single step. Our ultimate goal is the use of the described synthetic probe to facilitate the isolation of this potentially therapeutic protein for low cost, scalable analysis and production of BBI.
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Advances in Affinity Ligand-Functionalized Nanomaterials for Biomagnetic Separation
2016-01, Fields, Conor, Li, Peng, O'Mahony, James J., Lee, Gil U.
The downstream processing of proteins remains the most significant cost in protein production, and is largely attributed to rigorous chromatographic purification protocols, where the stringency of purity for biopharmaceutical products sometimes exceeds 99%. With an ever burgeoning biotechnology market, there is a constant demand for alternative purification methodologies, to ameliorate the dependence on chromatography, while still adhering to regulatory concerns over product purity and safety. In this article, we present an up-to-date view of bioseparation, with emphasis on magnetic separation and its potential application in the field. Additionally, we discuss the economic and performance benefits of synthetic ligands, in the form of peptides and miniaturized antibody fragments, compared to full-length antibodies. We propose that adoption of synthetic affinity ligands coupled with magnetic adsorbents, will play an important role in enabling sustainable bioprocessing in the future.