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- PublicationInfluence of farm type (organic, conventional and intensive) on toxic metal accumulation in calves in NW SpainThe aim of the present study was to determine how accumulation of toxic metals by beef-cattle in NW Spain varies between farms that have markedly different practices (including intensive, conventional and organic management) and to determine possible key factors affecting toxic metal assimilation by cattle. Soil, feed (forage and concentrate) and animal tissues (liver and kidney from 120 calves) were collected from nine farms across NW Spain and were analysed for metals by ICP-MS. Toxic metal concentrations in beef calves were generally low but did vary significantly between farms. There were no consistent patterns of difference in tissue metal concentrations between farms from different regions or between farms with different management practices. Variations in arsenic, cadmium and mercury concentrations in calf tissues were not significantly explained by soil or diet metal concentrations but were significantly and inversely related to the proportion of concentrate in the ration. Higher levels of metal residues in tissues were associated with consumption of low amounts of concentrate and relatively high levels of grazing. Higher toxic metal intake due to grazing is likely to be largely a result of soil ingestion.
- PublicationInfluence of breed on blood and tissue copper status in growing and finishing steers fed diets supplemented with copperTo evaluate the influence of breed on the accumulation of dietary copper (Cu) in tissue, and on blood parameters indicative of Cu status, ten Galician Blond, nine Holstein-Friesian and ten Galician Blond × Holstein-Friesian cross (GB × HF) steers were fed diets supplemented with 35 mg/kg DM of CuSO4 during their growing and finishing periods. Blood samples were taken monthly, and samples of liver, kidney, brain, heart, spleen and muscle were taken at slaughter. Cu concentrations were determined by ICP-AES. Holstein-Friesian calves had significantly higher total liver Cu contents than Galician Blonds and GB × HF crosses (mean 1070, 663 and 868 mg, respectively), combined with higher hepatic Cu concentrations (174, 140 and 166 mg/kg wet weight, respectively). Holstein-Friesian calves had also the highest prevalence (89%) of hepatic Cu concentrations exceeding the toxic limit of 150 mg/kg wet weight. Breed did not have a statistically significant influence on blood parameters. With the exception of the semitendinosus muscle, where Holstein-Friesians (0.790 mg/kg) had significantly higher Cu levels than Galician Blonds (0.541 mg/kg) or GB × HF crosses (0.631 mg/kg), no other statistically significant differences by breed in the extrahepatic tissue Cu distribution were observed. A negative statistical association between carcass performance and the ratio of semitendinosus and liver Cu concentration could indicate that the animals with a better carcass performance (Galician Blonds) could need a higher Cu mobilisation into the muscle, resulting in a lower hepatic storage.
355Scopus© Citations 13
- PublicationEffect of type of muscle and Cu supplementation on trace element concentrations in cattle meatConsidering that meat is an important source of metals exposure to humans it is important to explore trace element concentrations in different types of muscles. Because of the demonstrated effect of Cu-supplementation on mineral status, the influence of Cu-supplementation was also evaluated. Samples of four different muscles (diaphragm, cardiac, semitendinous and pectoral, n=120) from beef calves receiving typical commercial diets Cu-supplemented (15mg Cu2SO4/kg DM) and non-supplemented were taken and acid digested. The levels of non-essential (As, Cd, Hg, Pb and Sn) and essential (Co, Cr, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Se and Zn) elements were analyzed by ICP-MS. The statistical analyzes included two way Anova, post hoc DHS Tukey and Spearman correlations. The most active and less fat containing muscles showed in general the highest essential and the lowest non-essential trace element accumulation. As and Hg muscular residues are indicative of animal exposure, however, in situations of an adequate mineral status, essential trace element concentrations in muscle are irrespective of the mineral status of the animal and could be possibly related to their own particular muscular metabolism. Cu-supplementation significantly reduced As but caused a significant decrease of Se, which could have significance for the animal's health.
203Scopus© Citations 32
- PublicationThe interlobular distribution of copper in the liver of beef calves on a high-copper dietThe aims of the present study were 1) to evaluate the interlobular distribution of copper (Cu) in the liver of beef calves on a high-Cu diet, 2) to determine whether this distribution differs between Galician Blonds and Holstein Friesians, and 3) to determine whether in vivo needle biopsy provides an appropriate measure of overall hepatic Cu status. Liver biopsies were performed before slaughter on twenty-nine 10-month-old beef calves fed growing and finishing diets supplemented with 35 mg/kg of Cu sulfate (10 Galician Blonds, 9 Holstein Friesians, and 10 Galician Blond × Holstein Friesian crosses). At slaughter, samples taken from 6 regions of the liver (the internal and external faces of the right lobe; the left, caudate, and quadrate lobes; and the processus papillaris) were acid digested, and their Cu contents were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. The highest Cu concentrations were found in the left lobe, followed by the processus papillaris, and the lowest Cu concentrations were found in the caudate and quadrate lobes. Different breeds differ in absolute hepatic Cu levels, but interlobular Cu distribution does not appear to depend on breed, at least when Galician Blonds are compared with Holstein Friesians. In vivo needle biopsy afforded accurate estimates of overall hepatic Cu status.
241Scopus© Citations 12