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- PublicationNetBem : business equipment energy monitoring through network auditingModern office buildings are fully equipped and furnished spaces with arrangements including networked business equipment, such as PC-class machines, copiers, wireless routers and fax machines, and other electrical equipment such as home appliances e.g. coffee machines, and appliances for environmental comfort e.g. electric heaters. The unique characteristics of networked business equipment are well-defined usage pattern, low-power current draw, and connectivity to the local area network (LAN). Business equipment is generally used over working hours adding up to important costs, motivating the need for a system capable of tracking equipment usage and associated energy expenditure, as well as identifying cost saving opportunities. Techniques for monitoring power loads are generally based on power step edge detection, and cannot be applied to business equipment due to the low power consumption of individual devices. This paper presents NetBem, a novel energy monitoring technique ad hoc to office buildings, capturing the contribution of networked business equipment to a power load via side-band detection of the equipment’s operating state through the LAN. The technique is presented, and results from experiments within the School of Computer Science and Informatics at University College Dublin in Ireland are given.
Scopus© Citations 8 617
- PublicationDemo abstract : appliance load monitoring by power load disaggregationAppliance load monitoring systems are designed to disaggregate the power load of a building in order to estimate the nature of individual loads, providing a real-time fine-grained recognition of active appliances. Monitoring non-intrusively appliances’ contributions to a given load enables a wide range of applications, ranging from electricity bill decomposition to accurate electricity user profiling. This work demonstrates a real implementation of such appliance load monitoring system. An intuitive graphical user interface is proposed to drive the system setup for profiling appliances’ signatures and for visualising the monitoring output.
Scopus© Citations 2 908
- PublicationGenerating power footprints without appliance interaction : an enabler for privacy intrusionAppliance load monitoring (ALM) systems are systems capable of monitoring appliances’ operation within a building using a single metering point. As such, they uncover information on occupants’ activities of daily living and subsequently an exploitable privacy leak. Related work has shown monitoring accuracies higher than 90% ̇ achieved by ALM systems, yet requiring interaction with appliances for system calibration. In the context of external privacy intrusion, ALM systems have the following obstacles for system calibration: (1) type and model of appliances inside the monitored building are entirely unknown; (2) appliances cannot be operated to record power footprints; and (3) ground truth data is not available to fine- tune algorithms. Within this work, we focus on monitoring those appliances from which we can infer occupants’ activities. Without appliance interaction, appliances’ profiling is realised via automated capture and analysis of shapes, steady-state durations, and occurrence patterns of power loads. Such automated process produces unique power footprints, and naming is realised using heuristics and known characteristics of typical home equipment. Data recorded within a kitchen area and one home illustrates the various processing steps, from data acquisition to power footprint naming.
619Scopus© Citations 2