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- PublicationLeaves on a stream: The effectiveness of a mindfulness-based exercise on the frequency, and difficulty in "letting go" of, anxious self-statementsA controlled trial was conducted to investigate the effect of a brief mindfulness- based intervention on the frequency, and difficulty in "letting go" of anxious self- statements. Each day for a week participants in the treatment group (n = 28) listened to the Leaves on a Stream mindfulness exercise (LeJeune, 2012), while those in the control group (n = 29) listened to a passage of prose of equal duration. The mean scores of both groups improved from pre- to post-intervention. However, after intervention, the treatment group did not display lower frequency or difficulty in letting go of anxious self-statements than the control group. Explanations for, and practical implications of, these results are discussed.
- PublicationPutting families first: An evaluation of Functional Family Therapy in an Irish contextCurrent evidence suggests that up to 20% of Irish adolescents have significant behavioural problems, a figure consistent with results of epidemiological studies of youth mental health problems in other countries.Functional Family Therapy (FFT) has consistently been identified in authoritative international reviews as a family-therapy programme for treating adolescents at risk for juvenile delinquency with a particularly strong evidence-base including many controlled trials, and a well developed training and monitoring system for implementing FFT in new community-based sites.Between 2010 and 2014, a research programme to evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of FFT at Archways Families First was conducted by a research team at University College Dublin, in collaboration with Indiana University, and the team of FFT therapists at Archways Families First. The results of this programme, described in this summary report, provide strong support for the effectiveness of FFT as practiced at Archways Families First in reducing behaviour problems and the risk of juvenile delinquency.
- PublicationPsychometric properties and responsiveness to change of 15- and 28- item versions of the SCORE: A family assessment questionnaireThe SCORE (Systemic Clinical Outcome and Routine Evaluation) is a 40-item questionnaire for completion by family members 12 years and older to assess outcome in systemic therapy. This study aimed to investigate psychometric properties of two short versions of the SCORE and their responsiveness to therapeutic change. Data were collected at 19 centers from 701 families at baseline and from 433 of these 3–5 months later. Results confirmed the three-factor structure (strengths, difficulties, and communication ) of the 15- and 28-item versions of the SCORE. Both instruments had good internal consistency and test–retest reliability. They also showed construct and criterion validity, correlating with measures of parent, child, and family adjustment, and discriminating between clinical and non clinical cases. Total and factor scales of the SCORE-15 and -28 were responsive to change over 3–5 mont hs of therapy. The SCORE-15 and SCORE-28 are brief psychometrically robust family assessment instruments which may be used to evaluate systemic therapy.
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