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Ground-based image analysis: A tutorial on machine-learning techniques and applications

2016-06-07, Dev, Soumyabrata, Wen, Bihan, Lee, Yee Hui, Winkler, Stefan

Ground-based whole-sky cameras have opened up new opportunities for monitoring the earth's atmosphere. These cameras are an important complement to satellite images by providing geoscientists with cheaper, faster, and more localized data. The images captured by whole-sky imagers (WSI) can have high spatial and temporal resolution, which is an important prerequisite for applications such as solar energy modeling, cloud attenuation analysis, local weather prediction, and more. Extracting the valuable information from the huge amount of image data by detecting and analyzing the various entities in these images is challenging. However, powerful machine-learning techniques have become available to aid with the image analysis. This article provides a detailed explanation of recent developments in these techniques and their applications in ground-based imaging, aiming to bridge the gap between computer vision and remote sensing with the help of illustrative examples. We demonstrate the advantages of using machine-learning techniques in ground-based image analysis via three primary applications: segmentation, classification, and denoising.