Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    A Biomimetic High Throughput Model of Cancer Cell Spheroid Dissemination onto Aligned Fibrillar Collagen
    Cell dissemination during tumor development is a characteristic of cancer metastasis. Dissemination from three-dimensional spheroid models on extracellular matrices designed to mimic tissue-specific physiological microenvironments may allow us to better elucidate the mechanism behind cancer metastasis and the response to therapeutic agents. The orientation of fibrillar collagen plays a key role in cellular processes and mediates metastasis through contact-guidance. Understanding how cells migrate on aligned collagen fibrils requires in vitro assays with reproducible and standardized orientation of collagen fibrils on the macro-to-nanoscale. Herein, we implement a spheroid-based migration assay, integrated with a fibrillar type I collagen matrix, in a manner compatible with high throughput image acquisition and quantitative analysis. The migration of highly proliferating U2OS osteosarcoma cell spheroids onto an aligned fibrillar type I collagen matrix were quantified. Cell dissemination from the spheroid was polarized with increased invasion in the direction of fibril alignment. The resulting area of cell dissemination had an aspect ratio of 1.2 ± 0.1 and an angle of maximum invasion distance of 5° ± 44° relative to the direction of collagen fibril alignment. The assay described here can be applied to a fully automated imaging and analysis pipeline for the assessment of tumor cell migration with high throughput screening.
  • Publication
    Piezoelectric properties of aligned collagen membranes
    Electromechanical coupling, a phenomenon present in collagenous materials, may influence cell–extracellular matrix interactions. Here, electromechanical coupling has been investigated via piezoresponse force microscopy in transparent and opaque membranes consisting of helical-like arrays of aligned type I collagen fibrils self-assembled from acidic solution. Using atomic force microscopy, the transparent membrane was determined to contain fibrils having an average diameter of 76 ± 14 nm, whereas the opaque membrane comprised fibrils with an average diameter of 391 ± 99 nm. As the acidity of the membranes must be neutralized before they can serve as cell culture substrates, the structure and piezoelectric properties of the membranes were measured under ambient conditions before and after the neutralization process. A crimp structure (1.59 ± 0.37 µm in width) perpendicular to the fibril alignment became apparent in the transparent membrane when the pH was adjusted from acidic (pH = 2.5) to neutral (pH = 7) conditions. In addition, a 1.35-fold increase was observed in the amplitude of the shear piezoelectricity of the transparent membrane. The structure and piezoelectric properties of the opaque membrane were not significantly affected by the neutralization process. The results highlight the presence of an additional translational order in the transparent membrane in the direction perpendicular to the fibril alignment. The piezoelectric response of both membrane types was found to be an order of magnitude lower than that of collagen fibrils in rat tail tendon. This reduced response is attributed to less-ordered molecular assembly than is present in D-periodic collagen fibrils, as evidenced by the absence of D-periodicity in the membranes. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2013.
      880Scopus© Citations 33
  • Publication
    Fibril size-dependent control of polar ordering in type I collagen membranes
    The most abundant protein in the human body, collagen, is widely used in tissue culture and engineering applications, spanning from substrate functionalization to fibrillar architectures and three-dimensional constructs. Collagen piezoelectricity provides an opportunity to exploit electromechanical coupling in these applications, wherein an applied mechanical stress generates charge, which might influence ion screening, protein absorption, and cell response. In type I collagen, the polarization direction follows the fibril orientation. Thus, control of fibril orientation and size in a collagen film or membrane may provide control of the polarization, enabling the creation of regions of uniform polarization direction. Here, aligned substrate-supported type I collagen membranes having fibril sizes from ∼100-500 nm are deposited using different osmotic concentrations (90, 190, and 290 mOsm/kg, from low to high ionic strength) to investigate the correlation between fibril size and piezoelectric properties. Lateral piezoresponse force microscopy is used to show that regions of uniform polarization orientation, as determined through 2D correlation analysis, decrease with increasing fibril size.