Now showing 1 - 10 of 12
- PublicationCutback management in Ireland in the wake of the financial crisisIreland was one of the European states most severely affected by the financial crisis. A number of official reports into the causes of that crisis (Regling and Watson 2010; Honohan 2010; Nyberg 2011; Independent Review Panel 2011, Houses of the Oireachtas 2016) have pointed to a combination of domestic contributing factors, including weak regulation of financial institutions, weak state capacity and pro-cyclical fiscal policies adopted by successive governments from the late 1990s. The crisis resulted in one of the world’s largest ever state-backed bank guarantees and a subsequent ‘bailout’ loan from the Troika of the IMF, EU and ECB in late 2010. Also as a consequence of this crisis, the 2008-15 period was defined by an unprecedented series of cutbacks in the Irish public service, as part of a broader strategy to reassert control of the state’s finances.
- PublicationHow governments retrench in crisis: the case of IrelandThe Irish experience of fiscal retrenchment under crisis conditions poses new questions of governance, the evolving answers to which are likely to involve importance changes in the state’s organizational profile and in its policy competences. The government is required to formulate and implement extremely tough choices, particularly since Ireland entered an EU-IMF loan programme in November 2010. Yet government does retain some policy discretion in the priorities it adopts in the composition of budget adjustment and in the distributive impact of cuts. This paper sets out to explore where the adjustments have been ma e through examination both of the composition of budgets and of the organizational configuration of state institutions, and it analyses how these outcomes can be accounted for. The paper draws upon a new official database setting out a detailed compositional analysis of Irish public spending between 2008 and 2012, and upon the Irish State Administration Database (http://isad.ie) through which the organizational aspects of the state's policy capacity can be analysed.
- PublicationConceptualising the role of national parliaments in the EU system of governance(University College Dublin. Geary Institute, 2005)The function of national parliaments in the European Union has attracted significant public debate in recent years, particularly in the context of the draft EU Constitutional Treaty. Much of this has concerned the role of such legislatures in respect of two issues – scrutiny of EU legislation, and providing a bridge to narrow a perceived gap between the central EU institutions and the citizens of the member-states. How best these tasks can be achieved remains subject to considerable discussion and has resulted in substantial innovation and institutional reconfiguration within the national parliaments of the Union. In this article, the various patterns and understandings emerging in the deliberation over the future of national parliaments in the EU system of governance are explored. It is concluded that the most progressive course of action for national parliaments in an enlarged EU is to seek methods of shaping the agenda rather than focusing on securing maximum recognition or veto power within the Union's wider infrastructure.
- PublicationBreaking with or building on the past? Reforming Irish public administration : 1958-2008The Irish experience of public service reform provides a unique case study of institutional change and resilience, and offers new perspectives on public service reform in “Anglo-Saxon” administrative systems. The data used for this paper provides for new perspectives on how we understand a core aspect of the Irish state, and how we can conceptualise attempts to reform it. Using insights from organisational and neo-institutional theory, and drawing on data from the new Mapping the State database, this paper identifies drivers of administrative reform during the period 1958-2008 as well as key periods of institutional change that determined the trajectory of reform processes. The paper considers the effects of Irish economic reform in the late 1950s on the public administration, culminating in the work of the Public Service Organisation Review Group (1966-69). It also examines the emerging influence of market and new right ideas in the 1980s and the consequences of the application of new public management styles to Ireland. Particular attention is paid to the public service reform agenda following the Strategic Management Initiative (1994) and concludes with an analysis of the recent OECD review of the Irish public service.
- PublicationThe Troika’s variations on a trio: Why the loan programmes worked so differently in Greece, Ireland, and PortugalPortugal and Ireland exited Troika loan programmes; Greece did not. The conventional narrative is that different outcomes are best explained by differences in national competences in implementing programme requirements. This paper argues that three factors distinguish the Greek experience from that of Ireland and Portugal: different economic, political, and institutional starting conditions; the ad hoc nature of the European institutions’ approach to crisis resolution; and the very different conditionalities built into each of the loan programmes as a result. Ireland and Portugal show some signs of recovery despite austerity measures, but Greece has been burdened beyond all capacity to recover convincingly.
- PublicationThe segmented state : adaptation and maladaptation in IrelandThis paper is an outcome of the research project Mapping the Irish State at UCD Geary Institute, funded by a Thematic Research Grant from the Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS)
- PublicationState Retrenchment and Administrative Reform in Ireland: Probing Comparative Policy ParadigmsPolicy choices in response to crisis may carry consequences both for distributive outcomes and for the future policy capacity of the state itself. This paper uses conceptual heuristics to interpret policy practice. It examines the underlying policy paradigms shaping Irish government decisions in the aftermath of the European financial and economic crisis. Drawing on comparative political economy literature, it distinguishes between two such paradigms – market-conforming and social equity – and applies them to three reform themes: reconfiguration of public budgets, the public service pay bargain, and the organizational profile of state competences. The findings entail lessons for understanding the malleability of policy choice, and how state policy choices in response to crisis are framed and implemented.
591Scopus© Citations 13
- PublicationTangling with the Troika: ‘domestic ownership’ as political and administrative engagement in Greece, Ireland, and PortugalThis paper analyses variation in the degrees of difficulty involved in negotiating and implementing loan programmes with the international lenders in Greece, Ireland, and Portugal. All three countries displayed high degrees of ultimate compliance with fiscal consolidation and structural adjustment conditionality, but the pace of implementation varied significantly. This paper argues that ‘domestic ownership’ of the loan programmes is a key determinant of outcomes, understood in terms of two dimensions: negotiating capacity and implementation capacity. Empirical evidence confirms that these concepts provide a strong explanatory framework for understanding variation in relations between national governments and the international lenders.
273Scopus© Citations 10