Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
  • Publication
    Effect of tuned mass damper on the interaction of a quarter car model with a damaged bridge
    This paper considers the effects of a tuned mass damper (TMD) on damaged bridge-accelerating quarter car vehicle interaction. The damage of the bridge is considered to be an open crack. The incorporation of a TMD to control the vibration response of the bridge and the quarter car vehicle model has been investigated from different aspects. A simplified form for the tuning ratio of the TMD is proposed. The vibration mitigation of the peak displacement, velocity and acceleration of the damaged bridge and the accelerating quarter car vehicle model using such a tuning is observed, along with the effects of possible detuning of the TMD due to the progressive deterioration of the bridge. A detailed parametric study is performed on the system with the TMD, considering the effects of quarter car vehicle model velocity, acceleration and the severity of the damage of the bridge.
      337Scopus© Citations 15
  • Publication
    Structural damage detection and calibration using a wavelet-kurtosis technique
    Some key factors in the field of damage detection of structures are the efficient and consistent detection of the presence, location and the extent of damage. A detailed numerical study has been performed in this paper addressing these issues for a beam element with an open crack. The first natural modeshape of the beam with an open crack has been simulated using smeared, lumped and continuous crack models involving various degrees of complexity. The static deflected shape of the same beam has also been simulated under vertical static loading. Gaussian white noise of different intensities has been synthetically introduced to both the simulated damaged modeshape and the static deflected shape. Wavelet analysis has been performed on the simulated modeshape and the static deflected shape for locating the damage. A new wavelet-kurtosis based calibration of the extent of damage has been performed for different crack depth ratios and crack positions including the effects of varying signal to noise ratio. An experimental validation of this method has been carried out on a damaged aluminium beam with open cracks of different extent. The damaged shape has been estimated by using a novel video camera based pattern recognition technique. The study in this paper shows that wavelet analysis in conjunction with a kurtosis based damage calibration can be useful in the identification of damage to structures and is applicable under the presence of measurement noise.
      330Scopus© Citations 67
  • Publication
    A Comparative Analysis of Structural Damage Detection Techniques by Wavelet, Kurtosis and Pseudofractal Methods
    The aim of this paper is to compare wavelet, kurtosis and pseudofractal based techniques for structural health monitoring in the presence of measurement noise. A detailed comparison and assessment of these techniques have been carried out in this paper through numerical experiments for the calibration of damage extent of a simply supported beam with an open crack serving as an illustrative example. The numerical experiments are deemed critical due to limited amount of experimental data available in the field of singularity based detection of damage. A continuous detectibility map has been proposed for comparing various techniques qualitatively. Efficiency surfaces have been constructed for wavelet, kurtosis and pseudofractal based calibration of damage extent as a function of damage location and measurement noise level. Levels of noise have been identified for each technique where a sudden drop of calibration efficiency is observed marking the onset of damage masking regime by measurement noise
      246Scopus© Citations 3
  • Publication
    A study on the effects of damage models and wavelet bases for damage identification and calibration in beams
    (Wiley Online Library, 2008-06-28) ; ;
    Damage detection and calibration in beams by wavelet analysis involve some key factors such as the damage model, the choice of the wavelet function, the effects of windowing, and the effects of masking due to the presence of noise during measurement. A numerical study has been performed in this article addressing these issues for single and multispan beams with an open crack. The first natural modeshapes of single and multispan beams with an open crack have been simulated considering damage models of different levels of complexity and analyzed for different crack depth ratios and crack positions. Gaussian white noise has been synthetically introduced to the simulated modeshape and the effects of varying signal-to-noise ratio have been studied. A wavelet-based damage identification technique has been found to be simple, efficient, and independent of damage models and wavelet basis functions, once certain conditions regarding the modeshape and the wavelet bases are satisfied. The wavelet-based damage calibration is found to be dependent on a number of factors including damage models and the basis function used in the analysis. A curvature-based calibration is more sensitive than a modeshape-based calibration of the extent of damage.
      281Scopus© Citations 44
  • Publication
    Nondetection, false alarm, and calibration insensitivity in kurtosis- and pseudofractal-based singularity detection
    This work isolates cases of nondetection, false alarm, and insensitivity for a general class of problems dealing with the detection and characterization of existence, location, and extent of singularities embedded in signals or in their derivatives when employing kurtosis- and pseudofractal-based methods for the detection and characterization process. The nondetection, false alarm, and insensitivity for these methods are illustrated on an example problem of damage identification and calibration in beams where the singularity to be identified lies in the derivative of the measured signal. The findings are general, not constrained to linear systems, and are potentially applicable to a wide range of fields including engineering system identification, fault detection, health monitoring of mechanical and civil structures, sensor failure, aerospace engineering, and biomedical engineering.
      228Scopus© Citations 7
  • Publication
    A statistical measure for wavelet based singularity detection
    (The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2009-07-14) ; ;
    This paper presents a statistical measure for the identification of the presence, the location, and the calibration of the strength of singularity in a signal or in any of its derivatives in the presence of measurement noise without the requirement of a baseline using a wavelet based detection technique. For this proposed wavelet based detection of singularities present in a signal, the problem of false alarm and its significant reduction by use of multiple measurements is presented. The importance of the proposed measure on baseline and nonbaseline damage calibration has been discussed from the aspect of structural health monitoring. The findings in this paper can also be used for crosschecking of background noise level in an observed signal. The detection of the existence, location, and extent of an open crack from the first fundamental modeshape of a simply supported beam is presented as an example problem.
      252Scopus© Citations 18
  • Publication
    A bridge-vehicle interaction based experimental investigation of damage evolution
    This article presents an experimental monitoring of the evolution of a crack in a beam using beam-vehicle interaction response signals for identification of progressively increasing crack-depth ratios. The beam is traversed by a two-axle model vehicle providing excitation in the time domain for the various extents of damage. The response of the beam in the time domain during the period of forced vibration is measured using strain gages. A consistent evolution of damage has been demonstrated in terms of the maxima values of the measured responses. The corresponding distortions of wavelet coefficients of the measured strain data due to the presence of various levels of damage have been identified. The evolution of the phase space and the wavelet transformed phase spaces have been evaluated with damage evolution. The wavelet transformed phase spaces for the undamaged and the damaged cases are observed to be distinctly different at high scales. The importance of denoising of the acquired data and the importance of vehicle configuration has been illustrated. This study presents a basis for a general model free damage assessment and structural health monitoring framework. The study presented is particularly useful in the context of continuous online bridge health monitoring, since the data necessary for analysis can be obtained from the operating condition of the bridge and the structure does not need be closed down.
      294Scopus© Citations 49