Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Thermal energy storage using phase change material: Analysis of partial tank charging and discharging on system performance in a building cooling application
    Thermal energy storage coupled with phase change materials is a technology that offers the potential to shift and in some case reduce building cooling loads and increase energy efficiency. This simulation study uses a TRNSYS building and HVAC system model to investigate whether partially charging and discharging a phase change material thermal energy storage tank can improve the operational characteristics required by a light-weight commercial building located in a Mediterranean climate. The results indicate that partial charging and discharging can lead to better energy performance of the phase change material thermal energy storage HVAC system. If the phase change material thermal energy storage tank is not required to operate at maximum capacity (i.e., maximum charge), energy savings are possible by only partially charging the tank. Further energy efficiency gains are also possible by control of the heat transfer fluid flow rates in the HVAC thermal energy storage system loops. Generally, higher charging loop flow rates and lower discharge loop flow rates produce better energy performance. Charging a phase change material thermal energy storage tank above 90% is not recommended, as at very high charge fractions, the energy performance decreases considerably, while the charging time increases significantly.
      15Scopus© Citations 37
  • Publication
    Geocooling with integrated PCM thermal energy storage in a commercial building
    Geocooling and thermal energy storage (TES) are two strategies that could help alleviate the energy and carbon emission burden from cooling commercial buildings. This simulation study analyses the potential for geocooling, both with and without TES, in a Mediterranean climate. Spherically-encapsulated phase change material (PCM) was used as the thermal storage medium in the TES system. A PCM TES tank model was developed and validated within the TRNSYS environment. Using a small, lightweight commercial building as a case study, it was found that electricity savings of between 24 and 45% are possible from combining geocooling with TES, when compared to a system based on a reference ground-source heat pump (GSHP).
      684Scopus© Citations 36