Now showing 1 - 10 of 25
  • Publication
    Multi-level Attention-Based Neural Networks for Distant Supervised Relation Extraction
    We propose a multi-level attention-based neural network forrelation extraction based on the work of Lin et al. to alleviate the problemof wrong labelling in distant supervision. In this paper, we first adoptgated recurrent units to represent the semantic information. Then, weintroduce a customized multi-level attention mechanism, which is expectedto reduce the weights of noisy words and sentences. Experimentalresults on a real-world dataset show that our model achieves significantimprovement on relation extraction tasks compared to both traditionalfeature-based models and existing neural network-based methods
      199
  • Publication
    Leveraging BERT to Improve the FEARS Index for Stock Forecasting
    Financial and Economic Attitudes Revealed by Search (FEARS) index reflects the attention and sentiment of public investors and is an important factor for predicting stock price return. In this paper, we take into account the semantics of the FEARS search terms by leveraging the Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT), and further apply a self-attention deep learning model to our refined FEARS seamlessly for stock return prediction. We demonstrate the practical benefits of our approach by comparing to baseline works.
      358
  • Publication
    Topic Extraction from Online Reviews for Classification and Recommendation
    Automatically identifying informative reviews is increasingly important given the rapid growth of user generated reviews on sites like Amazon and TripAdvisor. In this paper, we describe and evaluate techniques for identifying and recommending helpful product reviews using a combination of review features, including topical and sentiment information, mined from a review corpus.
      678
  • Publication
    A Distributed Asynchronous Deep Reinforcement Learning Framework for Recommender Systems
    In this paper we propose DADRL, a distributed, asynchronous reinforcement learning recommender system based on the asynchronous advantage actor-critic model (A3C), which combines ideas from A3C and federated learning (FL). The proposed algorithm keeps the user preferences or interactions on local devices and uses a combination of on-device, local recommendation models and a complementary global model. The global model is trained only by the loss gradients of the local models, rather than directly using user preferences or interactions data. We demonstrate, using well-known datasets and benchmark algorithms, how this approach can deliver performance that is comparable with the current state-of-the-art while enhancing user privacy.
      266
  • Publication
    Harnessing the Experience Web to Support User-Generated Product Reviews
    Today, online reviews for products and services have become an important class of user-generated content and they play a valuable role for countless online businesses by helping to convert casual browsers into informed and satisfied buyers. In many respects, the content of user reviews is every bit as important as the catalog content that describes a given product or service. As users gravitate towards sites that offer insightful and objective reviews, the ability to source helpful reviews from a community of users is increasingly important. In this work we describe the Reviewer’s Assistant, a case-based reasoning inspired recommender system designed to help people to write more helpful reviews on sites such as Amazon and TripAdvisor. In particular, we describe two approaches to helping users during the review writing process and evaluate each as part of a blind live-user study. Our results point to high levels of user satisfaction and improved review quality compared to a control-set of Amazon reviews.
      457Scopus© Citations 4
  • Publication
    Explainable Text-Driven Neural Network for Stock Prediction
    It has been shown that financial news leads to the fluctuation of stock prices. However, previous work on news-driven financial market prediction focused only on predicting stock price movement without providing an explanation. In this paper, we propose a dual-layer attention-based neural network to address this issue. In the initial stage, we introduce a knowledge-based method to adaptively extract relevant financial news. Then, we use an input attention to pay more attention to the more influential news and concatenate the day embeddings with the output of the news representation. Finally, we use an output attention mechanism to allocate different weights to different days in terms of their contribution to stock price movement. Thorough empirical studies based upon historical prices of several individual stocks demonstrate the superiority of our proposed method in stock price prediction compared to state-of-the-art methods.
      516Scopus© Citations 17
  • Publication
    Combining similarity and sentiment in opinion mining for product recommendation
    In the world of recommender systems, so-called content-based methods are an important approach that rely on the availability of detailed product or item descriptions to drive the recommendation process. For example, recommendations can be generated for a target user by selecting unseen products that are similar to the products that the target user has liked or purchased in the past. To do this, content-based methods must be able to compute the similarity between pairs of products (unseen products and liked products, for example) and typically this is achieved by comparing product features or other descriptive elements. The approach works well when product descriptions are readily available and when they are detailed enough to afford an effective similarity comparison. But this is not always the case. Detailed product descriptions may not be available since they can be expensive to create and maintain. In this article we consider another source of product descriptions in the form of the user-generated reviews that frequently accompany products on the web. We ask whether it is possible to mine these reviews, unstructured and noisy as they are, to produce useful product descriptions that can be used in a recommendation system. In particular we describe a novel approach to product recommendation that harnesses not only the features that can be mined from user-generated reviews but also the expressions of sentiment that are associated with these features. We present a recommendation ranking strategy that combines similarity and sentiment to suggest products that are similar but superior to a query product according to the opinion of reviewers, and we demonstrate the practical benefits of this approach across a variety of Amazon product domains.
      1951Scopus© Citations 45
  • Publication
    The Demonstration of the Reviewer's Assistant
    User generated reviews are now a familiar and valuable part of most e-commerce sites since high quality reviews are known to influence purchasing decisions. In this demonstration we describe work on the Reviewer's Assistant (RA), which is a recommendation system that is designed to help users to write better quality reviews. It does this by suggesting relevant topics that they may wish to discuss based on the product they are reviewing and the content of their review so far.
      487
  • Publication
    The Reviewer's Assistant: Recommending Topics to Writers by Association Rule Mining and Case-base Reasoning
    Today, online reviews for products and services have become an important class of user-generated content and they play a valuable role for countless online businesses by helping to convert casual browsers into informed and satisfied buyers. As users gravitate towards sites that offer insightful and objective reviews, the ability to source helpful reviews from a community of users is increasingly important. In this extended abstract we describe the Reviewer’s Assistant, a case-based reasoning inspired recommender system designed to help people to write more helpful reviews on sites such as Amazon and TripAdvisor. In particular, we describe two approaches to helping users during the review writing process and evaluate each as part of a blind live-user study. Our results point to high levels of user satisfaction and improved review quality compared to a control-set of Amazon reviews.
      169
  • Publication
    Mining Experiential Product Cases
    Case-based reasoning (CBR) attempts to reuse past experiences to solve new problems. CBR ideas are commonplace in recommendation systems, which rely on the similarity between product queries and a case base of product cases. But, the relationship between CBR and many of these recommenders can be tenuous: the idea that product cases made up of static meta-data type features are experiential is a stretch; unless one views the type of case descriptions used by collaborative filtering (user ratings across products) as experiential. Here we explore and evaluate how to automatically generate product cases from user-generated reviews to produce cases that are based on genuine user experiences for use in a case-based product recommendation system.
      130