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- PublicationEvaluation of the Genesis Counselling ServiceCorduff Counselling Service was the forerunner of the Genesis Psychotherapy Family Therapy Service (hereafter referred to as Genesis). It was established in 1993 by the Corduff Community Core Group as a community service to provide psychotherapy and counselling to individuals, couples and families in Corduff and the Greater Blanchardstown area. It was initially set up and managed by voluntary staff, who had trained at the Clanwilliam Institute, to provide a systemic family therapy service to clients in the local community. Over an 11 year period the service has developed considerably in size and professionalism and now serves the Dublin 15 area or Community Care Area 6. The aim of this service evaluation and review was to assess the effectiveness of Genesis and identify the optimal path for future development.
- PublicationMood congruent memory bias of individuals with depressed mood and anxietyMood congruent memory (MCM) is the tendency for individuals to encode and retrieve affectively-valenced information which is congruent with their prevailing mood state more easily than other information. For example, a depressed or sad individual tends to remember negative or unpleasant memories better than positive or happy memories.
- PublicationMood congruent memory bias of individuals with depressed mood and anxietyFifteen individuals with clinically significant levels of both depressed mood and anxiety were compared with 20 demographically similar controls on implicit and explicit memory tests for recall of negative, physically threatening, socially threatening, positive and neutral word stimuli. Compared with the control group, the depressed and anxious group remembered more negative and socially threatening words and fewer positive words in both the implicit and explicit memory conditions. They also recalled more physically threatening words in the implicit memory test. These findings lend partial support to Williams et al.'s (1997) integrative multilevel theory of mood and memory.
- PublicationFamily factors associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and emotional disorders in childrenFew well-controlled studies have identified psychosocial profiles of families of boys with ADHD and boys with emotional disorders compared with normal controls. However, the clinical and theoretical literature pinpoints four domains in which distinctive profiles would be expected to occur. In this study, twenty-two mothers and thirteen fathers of twenty-two boys with ADHD; twenty mothers and fifteen fathers of twenty boys with a mood or anxiety disorder; and twenty-six mothers and sixteen fathers of twenty-seven normal controls were compared on: (1) stress, support and quality of life; (2) current family functioning; (3) parenting style and satisfaction in the family of origin and current family; and (4) current and past parental functioning. The two clinical groups showed higher levels of stress and lower levels of both social support and quality of life than did normal controls. Both clinical groups showed deficits in current family functioning, but contrary to expectations the ADHD and emotional disorder group did not show distinctly different profiles. Parents of ADHD children reported higher levels of authoritarian parenting styles, and parents from both clinical groups reported less parenting satisfaction than did normal controls in both their current families and their families of origin. Parents of children with ADHD and emotional disorders reported greater parenting satisfaction in their families of origin than in their current families. This discrepancy was greatest for parents of ADHD children. Parents of children with ADHD and emotional disorders reported greater psychological health problems and more childhood ADHD symptomatology than did normal controls. Parents of children with ADHD and emotional disorders have significant psychosocial difficulties in family and personal functioning. Family intervention is highly appropriate for families with children who are referred for help with both types of difficulties..
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