Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Optimal charging of electric vehicles in low-voltage distribution systems
    Advances in the development of electric vehicles, along with policy incentives will see a wider uptake of this technology in the transport sector in future years. However, the widespread adoption of electric vehicles could lead to adverse effects on the power system, especially for existing distribution networks. These effects would include excessive voltage drops and overloading of network components, which occur mainly during periods of simultaneous charging of large numbers of electric vehicles. This paper demonstrates how controlling the rate at which electric vehicles charge can lead to better utilisation of existing networks. A technique based on linear programming is employed, which determines the optimal charging rate for each electric vehicle in order to maximise the total power that can be delivered to the vehicles while operating within network limits. The technique is tested on a section of residential distribution network. Results show that, by controlling the charging rate of individual vehicles, high penetrations can be accommodated on existing residential networks with little or no need for upgrading network infrastructure.
      3897Scopus© Citations 453
  • Publication
    Local Versus Centralized Charging Strategies for Electric Vehicles in Low Voltage Distribution Systems
    (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012-06) ; ;
    Controlled charging of electric vehicles offers a potential solution to accommodating large numbers of such vehicles on existing distribution networks without the need for widespread upgrading of network infrastructure. Here, a local control technique is proposed whereby individual electric vehicle charging units attempt to maximise their own charging rate for their vehicle while maintaining local network conditions within acceptable limits. Simulations are performed to demonstrate the benefits of the technique on a test distribution network. The results of the method are also compared to those from a centralized control method whereby EV charging is controlled by a central controller. The paper outlines the advantages and disadvantages of both strategies in terms of capacity utilization and total energy delivered to charging EVs.
      6518Scopus© Citations 200