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- PublicationThe secondary labour market and employee protection: Employment relations in New Zealand and Denmark in the 1990sOne of the primary concerns of many academic and social commentators in the field of employment relations throughout the 1990s has been the impact of the Employment Contracts Act 1991 on the more vulnerable segments of the labour market. Prior to its introduction there were predictions that the removal of the Award system and the concomitant breakdown in collectivism would lead to increasing inequality (Brosnan & Rea, 1991; Walsh, 1992). Whether this has been the outcome remains somewhat contentious. While critics of the Act claim it has impacted disproportionately on the secondary labour market (Dannin, 1997; Gosche, 1992; Kelsey, 1995), supporters of the Act have maintained throughout that wages are rising, more people have jobs because of the Act, and many people are satisfied with their contracts (Kerr, 1996, 1997). Max Bradford (1999), the Minister of Labour, asserted in a recent address on industrial relations, that the Act had enabled employers and employees to negotiate mutually beneficial contracts, “while ensuring the outcomes were fair and acceptable to society”.
- PublicationA survey of employees experiences and attitudes in the New Zealand workplaceThis article presents the results of an employee survey condicted Novermber 1998. The study set out to investigate bargaining trends, contract outcomes and employee opinions on a range of workplace issues. It provides a basis for comparison with similar studies, and highlights various employment issues for further research. Given the small number of random surveys since the introduction of the Employment Contracts Act (ECA), the results of this study make an important contribution to our overall understanding of worker experiences under the new legislation.