Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Development and testing of a sandwich panel with UHPC and PCM concrete layers
    Precast concrete sandwich panels provide a thermally efficient alternative to conventional brick and mortar construction and improve the energy efficiency of existing buildings. This project comprised the design and testing of a sample re-cladding panel composed of a phase change material (PCM) in the concrete inner wythe (for thermal efficiency) and a thin ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) outer wythe, joined compositely using a C-grid shear connector. Six different concrete mixes were prepared and structurally tested in compression and flexure. A concrete sandwich panel was cast using two of the best performing mixes and subsequently tested in three-point bending to investigate its flexural performance. The strongest PCM and UHPC concretes had average compressive and flexural strengths of 25MPa and 5.1MPa, and 121MPa and 9.2MPa respectively. The 900mm span panel tested in flexure reached its serviceability limit at 10kN, with ultimate peak load occurring at 97kN. Post-peak behaviour illustrated the role of the shear connector in allowing composite action to occur.
  • Publication
    What is a sustainable or low impact concrete?
    (Association Universitaire de Génie Civil, 2019-06-26) ; ;
    This paper compares a range of new and proposed 'greener' concretes and evaluates their environmental impact via quantification of their embodied energy. These new concretes are further compared with bio based concretes so as to develop a broad picture of the relative environmental impact of the increasing array of concretes now available to building designers. Some uses, advantages and disadvantages of each type are discussed. Particularly the quantity and volume of concrete material for each specific use case is considered for comparison of the embodied energy for a square meter of building envelope structure. Results show that bio based concretes have considerably lower impact than standard concretes, as exhibited by much lower embodied energies per kilogram of material. However, those values documented in only a few studies, and further repeatedly referenced in the wider literature, are approximate at best and sometimes inaccurate. Ultra high performance and geopolymer concretes have higher embodied energies but due to their high strengths less material is used, giving them a low environmental impact advantage over standard concrete materials. However, claims that these concretes are many multiples less impactful is widely inaccurate, and misleading promotion. In a similar vein, this work also questions the claims of carbon negativity of popular bio based concretes, such as hemp-lime. Investigation of the means of carbon sequestration and the difficulties in its quantification are discussed. More realistic estimates of the energy embodied of hemp-lime are used for calculation of the embodied energy, and carbon, for walls sized appropriate to low energy architecture.