Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    An integrated Building-to-Grid model for evaluation of energy arbitrage value of Thermal Storage
    Thermal Electric Storage (TES) has emerged as a promising technology for enhancing the flexibility of the built environment to participate in active Demand Side Management (DSM). These devices allow the decoupling of intra-day scheduling of electric power demand from the time of thermal energy end-use. Therefore, if enabled with communication with the grid, these devices can facilitate load shifting and energy arbitrage. This study evaluates the energy arbitrage value of smart TES devices in residential buildings across Ireland. A Building-to-Grid (B2G) model has been developed which integrates the buildings thermal dynamics and end-use constraints with the power systems economic dispatch model. The thermal behavior of the houses and the TES space heater and hot water tank is modeled through linear state space models for three different mid-flat archetypes. The optimization results show the load shifting and arbitrage potential of TES and its impacts on wind curtailment considering various penetration levels of these devices.
  • Publication
    Evaluation of Flexibility Impacts of Thermal Electric Storage Using an Integrated Building-to-Grid Model
    Demand Side Management (DSM) using Thermal Electric Storage (TES) presents a promising opportunity for enhancing the system flexibility, resulting in reliable and economic operation of future low-carbon power systems. Systemwide analysis of the flexibility potential of TES necessitates representation of dynamic thermal models in large-scale power systems models. Therefore, this study presents a novel Buildingto- Grid (B2G) model integrating buildings’ thermal dynamics and end-use constraints with a security-constrained unit commitment model for energy and reserve scheduling. The behaviour of residential thermal demand is represented through linear state space (RC-equivalent) models for different residential archetypes. The B2G model is subsequently used to evaluate the energy arbitrage and reserve provision potential of TES for a test system and various sensitivity analyses for wind penetration levels and presence of other flexibility options have been conducted. The optimisation results highlight the significant value of TES in terms of annual generation cost savings, reserve provision, peak load reduction and utilization of wind energy. The findings also emphasize the importance of co-optimising energy arbitrage and reserve provision from TES devices vis-a-vis system performance and household energy consumption scheduling
      404Scopus© Citations 3