Now showing 1 - 10 of 72
  • Publication
    Implicitly influencing the interactive experience
    Enabling intuitive interaction in system design remains an art more than a science. This difficulty is exacerbated when the diversity of device and end user group is considered. In this paper, it is argued that conventional interaction modalities are unsuitable in many circumstances and that alternative modalities need be considered. Specifically the case of implicit interaction is considered, and the paper discusses how its use may lead to more satisfactory experiences. Specifically, harnessing implicit interaction in conjunction with the traditional explicit interaction modality, can enable a more intuitive and natural interactive experience. However, the exercise of capturing and interpreting implicit interaction is problematic and is one that lends itself to the adoption of AI techniques. In this position paper, the potential of lightweight intelligent agents is proposed as a model for harmonising the explicit and implicit components of an arbitrary interaction.
      294
  • Publication
    Mobile multimedia : reflecting on dynamic service provision
    Delivering multimedia services to roaming subscribers raises significant challenges for content providers. There are a number of reasons for this; however, the principal difficulties arise from the inherent differences between the nature of mobile computing usage, and that of its static counterpart. The harnessing of appropriate contextual elements pertaining to a mobile subscriber at any given time offers significant opportunities for enhancing and customising service delivery. Dynamic content provision is a case in point. The versatile nature of the mobile subscriber offers opportunities for the delivery of content that is most appropriate to the subscriber's prevailing context, and hence is most likely to be welcomed. To succeed in this endeavour requires an innate understanding of the technologies, the mobile usage paradigm and the application domain in question, such that conflicting demands may be reconciled to the subscriber's benefit. In this paper, multimedia-augmented service provision for mobile subscribers is considered in light of the avail- ability of contextual information. In particular, context-aware precaching is advocated as a means of maximising the possibilities for delivering context- aware services to mobile subscribers in scenarios of dynamic contexts.
      592Scopus© Citations 1
  • Publication
    Coordinated intelligent power management and the heterogeneous sensing coverage problem
    One of the most important factors to be considered when developing an application for a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is its power consumption. Intelligent Power Management (IPM) for a WSN is crucial in maximising the operational longevity. An established regime for achieving this is through the opportunistic hibernation of redundant nodes. Redundancy, however, has various definitions within the field of WSNs and indeed multiple protocols, each operating using a different definition, coexist on the same node. In this paper, we advocate the use of a MAS as an appropriate mechanism by which different stake-holders, each desiring to hibernate a node in order to conserve power, can collaborate. The problem of node hibernation for the heterogeneous sensing coverage areas is introduced and the manner by which it can be solved using ADOPT, an algorithm for distributed constraint optimisation, is described. We illustrate that the node hibernation strategy discussed here is more useful than the traditional stack-based approach and motivate our discussion using intelligent power management as an exemplar.
      532Scopus© Citations 11
  • Publication
    Air quality monitoring for pervasive health
    Two monitoring projects relate to this issue's theme, "Hostile Environments": "Landslide Monitoring in the Emilia Romagna Apennines" and "Air Quality Monitoring for Pervasive Health." In addition, "Task-Driven Framework for Pervasive Computing" reports on TaskOS, a project to develop task-driven recommendation systems for pervasive computing environments.
      269Scopus© Citations 1
  • Publication
    Sensor Web Interaction
    Ubiquitous sensing fuses the concepts of intelligent systems with ubiquitous computing in the development of novel sensor web applications, whereby the interaction of multiple disparate autonomous artefacts is a key requirement. In this paper, we present SIXTH, which is a middleware infrastructure for Ubiquitous Sensing that facilitates, and supports, the development and deployment of Sensor Web applications. SIXTH has been designed to be extensible, with provisions for user definable data retention policies, custom sensor data representations, and custom sensor node representations, whilst still providing a rich set of default behaviours. Within SIXTH, support is provided for the development and interaction of applications that incorporate both physical and cyber (virtual server side) sensors. With a view to supporting intelligent, in network, interaction policies, whereby sensor nodes must negotiate and coordinate their behaviour, the system has been designed to operate in conjunction with Agent Factory Micro Edition (AFME). AFME is a minimised footprint intelligent agent platform designed for resource constrained devices. It is based on the standard Agent Factory platform, which was developed for desktop machines, and is representative of a class of agent systems, which are referred to as Agent Oriented Programming frameworks. The paper discusses a ubiquitous mapping application that was developed using the middleware.
      1025Scopus© Citations 28
  • Publication
    Enabling Intelligence on a Wireless Sensor Network Platform
    Conventional Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) usually adopt a centralised approach to data processing and interpretation primarily due to the limited computation and energy resources available on sensor nodes. These constraints limits the potential of intelligent techniques to data analy- sis and such activities on the centralised host. In contrast, Intelligent WSNs (iWSNs) will be significantly more powerful thus enabling the harnessing of intelligent techniques for diverse purposes. One such purpose is the practical realisation of smart environments, and facilitating mobility and interaction with the inhabitants of such environments. As a step in this direction, this paper presents the design of an iWSN sensor node platform that enables the hosting of lightweight Artificial Intelligence (AI) frameworks whilst enabling the ubiquitous energy constraints be quantified, mitigated and managed.
      11188Scopus© Citations 1
  • Publication
    Coordinated intelligent power management and the heterogeneous sensing coverage problem
    One of the most important factors to be considered when developing an application for a wireless sensor network (WSN) is its power consumption. Intelligent power management (IPM) for a WSN is crucial in maximizing the operational longevity. An established regime for achieving this is through the opportunistic hibernation of redundant nodes. Redundancy, however, has various definitions within the field of WSNs and indeed multiple protocols, each operating using a different definition, coexist on the same node. In this paper, we advocate the use of an MAS as an appropriate mechanism by which different stake-holders, each desiring to hibernate a node in order to conserve power, can collaborate. The problem of node hibernation for the heterogeneous sensing coverage areas is introduced and the manner by which it can be solved using ADOPT, an algorithm for distributed constraint optimization, is described. We illustrate that the node hibernation strategy discussed here is more useful than the traditional stack-based approach and motivate our discussion using IPM as an exemplar.
      745Scopus© Citations 11
  • Publication
    How Smart Is Your City?
    (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2012-03-30) ;
    The idea of ambient intelligence implies an intrinsic link between individuals and their environment, enabling individuals to access and interact with computing artifacts in ways that are intuitive and do not disrupt everyday activities. Given the many different environments encountered as part of everyday life—within the home (1) as well as beyond it—enabling such interaction is a formidable technological challenge. The reward may be an environment that is safer, uses less energy, and responds to the needs of all individuals (see the figure). Recent advances in embedded systems, robotics, and sensor technology suggest that ambient intelligence may indeed be realized, particularly if crucial privacy and security concerns are addressed.
      1699Scopus© Citations 93
  • Publication
    Towards mobile collaborative exergaming
    Today’s high calorie diets and low physical activity levels contributes towards childhood obesity. Exergaming, a combination of ”exercise” and ”gaming” was conceived as a means of addressing this problem. In this paper a mobile collaborative exergame, which is designed to be enjoyable and physically challenging, is presented. The long term objective is to harness conventional mobile computing technologies to deliver a platform for games that are adaptive to the exercise requirements of individual children.
      1191Scopus© Citations 23
  • Publication
    Timing and radius considerations for maintaining connectivity QoS
    Given the potential scale on which a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) can be deployed, multi-hop communication will be a pivotal component of the system. When redundant nodes are deployed, which are hibernated opportunistically to conserve energy, it is crucial that sub-graphs of the network are not disconnected by the hibernation of a node. In order to ensure connectivity is preserved for all nodes in the area, a protocol is required that oversees routing integrity is maintained. Since this routing topology must be present at all times, this set represents the minimum number of nodes that must be active at any given time for a functioning network. In this paper, the performance of such a protocol is evaluated, in terms of message delivery and node lifetime for various timing and radius parameters. The selection of these, control the potential energy conserved by the nodes through the hibernation process, which can increase operational longevity. In addition, the radius governs the networks resilience to expired nodes, while timing parameters manage the responsiveness of the topology to failed and exhausted sensors. In this paper, we demonstrate the trade-offs that exist when selecting specific values for these variables as well as the impact these have on a number of Quality of Service (QoS) metrics for WSN performance, namely longevity and message delivery.
      408