O'Grady, Michael J.
O'Grady, Michael J.
O'Grady, Michael J.
Now showing 1 - 10 of 72
- PublicationBrowsing the Sensor Web : Pervasive Access for Wide-area Wireless Sensor NetworksWireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are almost exclusively regarded as data gathering entities. Various sensed data elements are captured and routed back to a central server for processing, visualization and interpretation. However, it can be realistically conjectured that scenarios will increasingly emerge that demand a facility for ad-hoc interaction with individual sensor nodes. Moreover, such interaction will occur in the physical environment in close proximity to where the sensor node is physically located. In this paper, the need for in-situ ad-hoc interaction is motivated. A methodology for facilitating such interaction is presented, and the implementation of a sensor browser is described.
- PublicationRealizing the ambient intelligence vision through the deployment of mobile, intentional agentsAmbient computing as an ideal demands levels of functional attainment that have thus far not been realised. Ambient applications require that the computing application be subsumed into the everyday context in an unobtrusive manner with interaction modalities that are natural, simple and appropriate to both the individual user and their associated context. Within this paper, we consider the use of mobile intentional agents as potential key enablers in the delivery of ambient intelligent services. In particular, we compare and contrast two agent-based ambient intelligence case studies
- PublicationPI : perceiver and interpreter of smart home datasetsPervasive healthcare systems facilitate various aspects of research including sensor technology, software technology, artificial intelligence and human-computer interaction. Researchers can often benefit from access to real-world data sets against which to evaluate new approaches and algorithms. Whilst more than a dozen data sets are currently publicly available, their use of heterogeneous mark-up impedes easy and widespread use. We describe PI – the Perceiver and semantic Interpreter – which offers a workbench API for the querying, re-structuring and re-purposing of a range of diverse data formats currently in use. The use of a single API reduces cognitive overload, improves access, and supports integration of generic and domain-specific information within a common framework.
- PublicationIntelligent agile agents: active enablers for ambient intellgenceThis paper advocates the use of mobile intentional agents as a key enabler in the delivery of ambient intelligence. Ambient computing as an ideal demands levels of functional attainment that have hithertofar not been realised. Ambient applications demand that the computing application be subsumed into the everyday context in an unobtrusive manner with interaction modalities such that they are natural, simple and appropriate to both the individual user and their associated context.
- PublicationEDLA tradeoffs for wireless sensor network target trackingThe number of active nodes in a WSN deployment governs both the longevity of the network and the accuracy of applications using the network’s data. As node hibernation techniques become more sophistocated, it is important that an accurate evaluation methodology is employed to ensure fair comparisons across different techniques. Examining both energy and accuracy ensures a claim of increased longevity for a particular technique can be contrasted against its associated drop, if any, in application accuracy. This change can also be as a result of increased latency and the accuracy encapsulates many aspects of WSN performance in one metric. In this work, we detail the first in a series of simulation experiments designed to demonstrate the tradeoffs for a WSN and we employ mobility tracking as the application to benchmark accuracy. Additionally, we demonstrate experimental evidence for a potential adaptive mobility tracking protocol.
- PublicationIntelligent user interfaces for mobile computingIn this chapter, the practical issue of realizing a necessary intelligence quotient for realizing Intelligent User Interfaces (IUIs) on mobile devices is considered. Mobile computing scenarios differ radically from the normal fixed workstation environment that most people are familiar with; and it is in this dynamicity and complexity that the key motivations for realizing IUIs on mobile devices may be found. Thus the chapter initially motivates the need for the deployment of IUIs in mobile contexts by reflecting on the archetypical elements that comprise the average mobile user's situation or context. A number of broad issues pertaining to the deployment of AI techniques on mobile devices are considered before a practical realisation of this objective through the intelligent agent paradigm is presented. It is the authors hope that a mature understanding of the mobile computing usage scenario, augmented with key insights into the practical deployment of AI in mobile scenarios, will aid software engineers and HCI professionals alike in the successful utilisation of intelligent techniques for a new generation of mobile services.
- PublicationSense and sensibility : collaborative & interdisciplinary problem design in PBL initiativesThis paper was conceived in response to an identified need for new PBL practitioners to be able to access a range of sample problems that would help them develop PBL within their own disciplines, particularly when outside of the life sciences. Likewise, a need for new approaches to problem design was also identified. Taking cognisance that problems should be grounded in the ‘real world’, we need to reconceptualise problem design. It is proposed that conceptualising problems as triggers that stimulate knowledge development by harnessing sensory experiences is a way forward. This paper will be of particular interest to new PBL practitioners, teachers in the various disciplines considering PBL and educational developers teaching PBL.
- PublicationAmbience & collaboration embedded agents in a human-centered worldSupporting people in the pursuit of their everyday activities is a laudable objective and one which researchers in various disciplines including computing, actively seek to accomplish. The dynamic nature of the end-user community, the environments in which they operate, and the multiplicity of tasks in which they engage in, all seem to conspire against the desired objective of providing services to the end-user community in a transparent, intuitive and context -aware fashion. Indeed, this inherent complexity raises fundamental problems for software engineers as they frequently lack the tools to effectively model the various scenarios that dynamic user behaviour give rise to. This difficulty is not limited to exotic applications or services; rather, it is characteristic of situations where a number of factors must be identified, interpreted, and reconciled such that an accurate model of the prevailing situation at a given moment in time can be constructed. Only in this way, can services be delivered that take into account the prevailing human, social, environmental and technological conditions. Constructing such services calls for a software solution that exhibits, amongst others, diffusion, autonomy, cooperation and intelligence. In this paper, the potential of embedded agents for realising such solutions is explored.
- PublicationImplicit interaction : a modality for ambient exercise monitoringAmbient Exercise refers to the implicit exercise that people undertake in the course of their everyday duties - a simple example being climbing stairs. Increasing awareness of the potential health benefits of such activities may well contribute to an increase in a person’s well-being. Initially, it is necessary to monitor and quantify such exercise so that personalized fitness plans may be constructed. In this paper, the implicit interaction modality is harnessed to enable the capturing of ambient exercise activity thereby facilitating its subsequent quantification and interpretation. The novelty of the solution proposed lies in its ubiquity and transparency.