Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Publication
    Development of occupancy-integrated archetypes: Use of data mining clustering techniques to embed occupant behaviour profiles in archetypes
    Building stock modelling usually deploys representative building archetypes to obtain reliable results of annual energy heating demand and to minimise the associated computational cost. Available methodologies define archetypes considering only the physical characteristics of buildings. Uniform occupancy schedules, which correspond to national averages, are generally used in archetype energy simulations, despite evidence of occupancy schedules which can vary considerably for each building. This paper presents a new methodology to define occupancy-integrated archetypes. The novel feature of these archetype models is the integration of different occupancy schedules within the archetype itself. This allows building stock energy simulations of national population subgroups characterised by specific occupancy profiles to be undertaken. The importance of including occupant-related data in residential archetypes, which is different than the national average, is demonstrated by applying the methodology to the UK national building stock. The resultant occupancy-integrated archetypes are then modelled to obtain the annual final heating energy demand. It is shown that the relative difference between the heating demand of occupancy-integrated archetypes and uniform occupancy archetypes can be up to 30%.
      348Scopus© Citations 23
  • Publication
    A high-temporal resolution residential building occupancy model to generate high-temporal resolution heating load profiles of occupancy-integrated archetypes
    (Elsevier, 2020-01-01) ;
    A strong correlation exists between occupant behaviour and space heating energy use. In particular, the occupancy status (e.g., daytime absence) is known to have a significant influence on residential heating load profiles, as well as on cumulative heating energy consumption. In the literature, many occupancy models have been utilised to predict occupancy profiles of individual dwellings as part of the larger residential building stock. However, none of the existing models consider diversity associated with occupancy-integrated archetypes to generate high-temporal resolution heating load profiles. The current paper uses Time Use Survey (TUS) data to develop a high-temporal resolution residential building occupancy model. The key feature of the proposed model, implemented using MATLAB, is the ability to generate stochastic occupancy time-series data for national population subgroups characterised by specific occupancy profiles. It is shown that the results are capable of closely approximating data available from TUS. The developed model can be applied to improve the quality of modelled high-temporal resolution heating load profiles for generic building stock characterised by population subgroups represented by different occupancy-integrated archetypes. A case study is performed on a building stock sample located in London, UK. The developed occupancy model has been implemented in MATLAB and is available for download.
      282Scopus© Citations 16