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- PublicationInvestigation of energy and operation flexibility of membrane bioreactors by using benchmark simulation modelThe aims of this study is to investigate operation and energy flexibility of membrane bioreactors for municipal wastewater treatment by mathematical modelling. Compared to conventional active sludge technology, membrane bioreactor has better treatment performance and it can achieve complete retention of solids and very high COD removal. Based on variable electricity price structure, appropriate optimization strategy can save 16% energy cost without violating exiting discharge standards.. The results showed that MBRs have a significant potential to create considerable commercial value by providing energetic flexibility.