Now showing 1 - 10 of 12
  • Publication
    Mood congruent memory bias of individuals with depressed mood and anxiety
    (Edwin Mellen Press, 2001) ;
    Mood congruent memory (MCM) is the tendency for individuals to encode and retrieve affectively-valenced information which is congruent with their prevailing mood state more easily than other information. For example, a depressed or sad individual tends to remember negative or unpleasant memories better than positive or happy memories.
  • Publication
    Urban public attitudes to the treatment of psychological problems and depression in general practice
    (Irish Medical Organisation, 2000) ; ;
    A previous national study of public attitudes to depression indicated that only 17% spontaneously mentioned their general practitioner as someone who could help with depression, in contrast to 79% of respondents being willing to consult their G.P. in a similar U.K. survey. The present study undertook to examine the public perception of an urban sample to the treatment of depression in general practice and the factors associated with expressed unwillingness to consult. A random sample from the electoral register was drawn and 54 (89%) of 61 subjects selected were interviewed. While 85% of respondents were satisfied with their general practice care, only 24% to 52%, depending on the context and wording of the question, said that they would seek help from their general practitioner for depression. Factors associated with an expressed reluctance to consult were being male, dissatisfied with general practitioner care and believing that general practitioners were not qualified to treat depression.
  • Publication
    Depression and power in marriage
    (Edwin Mellen Press, 2001) ;
    To investigate the association between depression and power within marriage, 14 couples in which the female partner was depressed were compared with 14 non-depressed couples on a range of variables which assessed power bases, processes and outcomes, three domains identified in Cromwell & Olson's (1975) analysis of marital power.
  • Publication
    Reductions in Specific First Memories in Depression: Influences of Distraction, Referential Set and Cue Word Valence on First Memory Retrieval
    (Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2005) ; ; ;
    This study examined the association between depression and autobiographical memory deficits. Sp e cifically, it evaluate d the impact of depression, complexity of a distraction task, self - or other - referential set and positive or negative cue - word valence on the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories . A sample of 24 depressed women and 24 matched controls completed the Autobiographical Memory T ask (AMT) before and after either a high - or low - complexity distraction task. Compared with the control group, the depressed group retrieved fewer specific first memories and had longer retrieval latencies for these. In the self - referential condition this pattern was more pronounced than in the other - referential condition. This suggests that depression is associated with a particular vulnerability in recalling specific self - referential memories. Distraction task complexity and cue - word valence did not affect AMT performance.
  • Publication
    Depression and power in marriage
    (Wiley-Blackwell, 2000-11) ;
    To investigate the association between depression and power within marriage, fourteen couples in which the female partner was depressed were compared with fourteen non-depressed couples on a range of variables which assessed power bases, processes and outcomes, three domains identified in Cromwell and Olson's (1975) analysis of marital power. Compared with non-depressed couples, those containing a depressed female partner had distinctive profiles, and a subset of the characteristics of these couples was uniquely associated with depression and quite distinct from the couples' levels of marital satisfaction. The results are discussed in terms of theories of power in relationships and are seen to highlight the importance of including marital therapy as part of a treatment package for married women with depression.
      235Scopus© Citations 23
  • Publication
    Combatting depression
    (Sage, 2009-07)
    Major depression is an episodic disorder characterized by major depressive episodes and intervening periods or normal mood. This is distinguished from dysthymia, which is a milder but more persistent mood disorder, characterized by chronic low mood for at least a year in young people, accompanied by fewer additional cognitive or behavioural symptoms than are required for a diagnosis of major depressive disorder. The diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode are described in ICD-10 (World Health Organization, 1992) and DSM–IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association, 2000).
  • Publication
    A Controlled Evaluation of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Patients with Coronary Heart Disease and Depression
    This study evaluated the effectiveness of an eight-session mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) group intervention programme for treating depression in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. Thirty-two depressed CHD patients were assigned to an MBCT treatment group, and a demographically and clinically similar group of 30 cases were assigned to a waiting list control group. Participants were evaluated at baseline, 8 weeks, and 6-month follow-up with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Profile of Mood States (POMS), Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (PAIS) and the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). After each session, MBCT participants completed the post-session Questionnaire on helpful aspects of therapy and after the programme, completed the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire. At follow-up, 71 % of the MBCT group was clinically recovered from depression compared with 50 % of the control group. The MBCT group showed significantly greater improvement than the control group on all measures with effect sizes at follow-up of d = 0.43–1.0. Increases in mindfulness on the MAAS correlated significantly with improvements on the HADS, BSI, POMS and PAIS. Key helpful aspects of therapy identified by MBCT participants included learning meditation, obtaining group support and developing optimism. There was a high level of satisfaction with the MBCT programme. These results indicate that a randomized controlled trial of MBCT for depressed CHD patients is now warranted.
      911Scopus© Citations 26
  • Publication
    The Say Yes to Life (SYTL) Program: A Positive Psychology Group Intervention for Depression
    (Springer, 2015-06) ;
    Patients and referrers are increasingly seeking effective psychological treatments for depression as an alternative or adjunct to antidepressant medication. This paper describes a new group-based psychological intervention for major depressive disorder—the Say 'Yes' to Life (SYTL) program. This program integrates evidence-based interventions from cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and positive psychology, spans 20 2-hour sessions, and is offered to groups of up to 14 participants.
      1270Scopus© Citations 8
  • Publication
    Family and marital profiles of couples in which one partner has depression or anxiety
    Twenty-nine couples in which one partner was depressed, 21 couples in which one partner had an anxiety disorder, and 26 nondistressed control couples were compared on measures of (1) quality of life, stress, and social support; (2) family functioning; (3) marital functioning; and (4) relationship attributions. The depressed group had significant difficulties in all four domains. In contrast, the control group showed minimal difficulties. The profile of the anxious group occupied an intermediate position between those of the other two groups, with some difficulties in all four domains, although these were less severe and pervasive than those of the depressed group..
      545Scopus© Citations 18