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- PublicationA study of the differential effects of Tomm's questioning styles on therapeutic allianceThis study examined the impact of Tomm’s (1988) four questioning styles on the therapeutic alliance in family therapy using an analogue method devised by Dozier in which families viewed videotaped scenes from simulated family therapy sessions portraying each of Tomm’s questioning styles and rated the alliance between the therapist and family.
- PublicationA study of the differential effects of Tomm's questioning styles on therapeutic allianceTo replicate and extend Dozier et al's (1992) test of Tomm’s hypothesis about the differential effects of questioning styles on therapeutic alliance an analogue study was conducted. Twenty-eight family triads, each including a son and his parents, viewed four videotaped simulated family therapy scenarios in which Tomm's four questioning styles were separately portrayed. Participants were asked to identify with the client whose role corresponded to theirs (i.e. father, mother, or son) and, on the basis of this, to rate the client’s alliance with the therapist. They were also asked to rate the overall alliance between the family and the therapist. Finally, having viewed all four scenarios, they were invited to comparatively rate the quality of the therapeutic alliance across the four questioning styles. Compared with strategic and lineal questioning styles, circular and reflexive questions led to higher ratings of therapeutic alliance on all three measures. The results of this study support Tomm's hypothesis that questioning styles based on circular assumptions lead to a better a therapeutic alliance at an individual and systemic level than questions based on lineal assumptions.
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