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- PublicationGranite Dry Stone Walls and Ditches of the Blackstairs in South Carlow(2014-11)
;The granite dry stone walls and ditches of the Blackstairs in south Carlow occur in a wide area some of which is beyond the scope of this report. These are areas of the rural landscape where stones have been cleared from the land and used to form field boundaries. They can be loosely divided into upland areas where the land is likely to have been reclaimed, and more lowland areas where the land is more fertile. Michael Conry who has written about various aspects of stone building in County Carlow divides the walls into two types which he calls, consumption walls and coping walls, in his book The Carlow Fence, Traditional Granite Fencing & Dry Stone Walls in County Carlow. Consumption walls are often very thick walls, one to three metres, and in one case that we have found,five metres, and between one and two or more metres high. These walls are known locally as ditches. Conry calls them consumption walls because they consume so many stones, they are veritable stores of stones, and are usually found in the upland areas. Coping walls are more like the walls that are found in other parts of Ireland, they may be two or three stones thick and have rows of coping stones at the top. These are similar to what is known as a double wall on the Aran Islands, and they are often found bordering the road, and some were built in response to government grant schemes. The field boundary system includes stone artefacts such as geataí which are described in Part 3. 181
- PublicationConservation and Management Plan for the Pilgrim Route at St. Mullins, Co. Carlow(Heritage Council, 2015-11)A Conservation and Management Plan for the Pilgrim Route at St. Mullin’s is being made in order to facilitate improvements to the route while safeguarding the cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible; and to evaluate the significance of the ritual observance of the Pilgrim Route.
- PublicationBeside The Sea. Reviewed Work: Where Land Meets Sea: Coastal Explorations of Landscape, Representation and Spatial Experience by Anna Ryan(Cork University Press, 2015)Where Land Meets Seais a fascinating and important book. It is fascinating not least because of the range of voices that we hear on the subject of the human relationship to landscape, from the explorers, philosophers, geographers and artists to the diverse group of research participants who happen to walk bythe sea and who are prepared to share their experiences of that activity. The interweaving of these voices not just in words but also in paintings, photographs and drawings forges a new reading of our relationship to landscape and draws us into a deeper awareness of our surroundings. Ryan’s research suggests that our relationship to our environment may not be as dysfunctional as we had thought, but that it is, generally, unconscious. Her mission, or political intent,is to make our spatial embodiment conscious – to raise our awareness of our connectedness with the environment, with nature and with the earth.