Now showing 1 - 10 of 40
  • Publication
    Review of Ireland's Employment Policy from a Gender Perspective
    (Enege and the European Commission DG Justice and Consumers, 2015-02)
    European comparative data for Ireland reveals important features of the changing situation. Men’s unemployment rates are falling faster than women’s in Ireland. The unemployment rate (25-74) for men has fallen from 15.7% in 2012 to 13.5% in 2013 and 11.6% in 2014. On the contrary women’s unemployment rate (25-74) has dropped only slightly from 9.3% in 2012 to 9.2% in 2013 and 8.2% in 2014. As a result, the gender gap closed from 4.3p.p. to 3.4p.p. in 2014 ranking Ireland 1st in the EU with the widest gender gap in unemployment (25-74). The EU-28 average was 8.8% for men and 9.2% for women in 2014 with a gender gap of -0.4p.p. Ireland stands out with its severe underrepresentation of women in national political structures. Only 16% of those in national parliament and 24% of those in national administration are women compared to EU-28 average of 29% in parliament and 40% in administration, ranking Ireland extremely low at 25th in the national administration and 23rd in the national parliament in 2015. A key reason, it can be argued, for the lack of priority placed on care provision is this chronic lack of representation of women in the decision-making system. One notable change is in the representation of women in national government (senior ministers) that increased from 13% to 27% between 2013 and 3Q2015, a rate that now ranks Ireland 15th with the EU-28 average at 27%.
  • Publication
    Changing Economic and Social Worlds of Irish Women
    (New Island Books, 2008-02-25)
    We have just lived through a decade of enormous change in the economic and social position of Irish women. From a traditional position in which the majority of women were carers - unpaid carers - women now occupy the dual role of carer-earner. The majority of women are now in paid employment, including women with children, married women and a significant proportion of women lone parents. This has meant huge changes in women's lives, changes which have been brought about by the decisions and choices of thousands of individual women, despite the lack of policies or support systems to facilitate such change. This chapter explores some of the key aspects of the economic and social policy frameworks that shape, and sometimes determine, the changing patterns of Irish women's lives.
  • Publication
    Equality data issues : the use of data in pursuing equality
    (Equality Authority, 2000-01-31)
    This report explores equality issues arising in the collection and publication of data in Ireland and the ways in which data may be used in equality policies and practices.
  • Publication
  • Publication
    Feminist Reflections on Basic Income
    (Policy Press, 2018-03-14)
    Feminist economics, which grew in influence from the mid-1980s, encompassed a strong critique of the assumptions underlying the welfare state developments in Western Europe. It was argued that the link between paid employment and welfare entitlements, which was a fundamental element of most welfare states, reflected a perspective that showed a complete lack of recognition of the fluidity of women’s economic activities. This lack of recognition that women’s economic lives are likely to be shaped by a spectrum of economic activity which includes: paid employment - home-based carer – part-time employment – underemployment – unpaid work. Such a fluid economic picture fell largely outside the male-oriented binary image of employment: unemployment that underlay the thinking shaping western welfare states.
  • Publication
    Short report on migrant women in Ireland (part B)
    (University College Dublin. School of Social Justice, 2010-10)
    External report commissioned by and presented to the EU Directorate-General Employment and Social Affairs, Unit G1 'Equality between women and men'
  • Publication
    Gender, Austerity and Economic Crisis: A Perspective on EU and Ireland
    (Routledge, 2018-03-31)
    Changing patterns of women's paid work within a global context, with a focus on the EU and Ireland, and the impact of the economic crisis.
  • Publication
    Gender equality and economic crisis: Ireland and EU
    (Routledge, 2017-08)
    This chapter explores gender dimensions to the austerity policies which have been pursued across the EU over the recent economic crisis years, with particular attention to Ireland. From a gender equality standpoint, it is interesting to examine the extent to which there are common gender dimensions to the policy processes that have been pursued across the EU. There is a definite gender dimension to the policies that have been implemented, both in Ireland and across the EU, through the years of the crisis and the adoption of austerity policies (Barry and Conroy 2013). This chapter looks at the Irish situation but also takes a comparative perspective drawing on analyses of core policies at EU level, exploring the gender patterns evident in the way in which economic and social policies have been developed and implemented and their consequences from a gender equality perspective (Rubery and Karmessini 2013; ENEGE 2013; Oxfam 2013; Trefell 2012).
  • Publication
    Gender Equality in Ireland 2015
    (European Parliament, 2015)
    Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this paper explores changes in gender equality legislation, policies and practices in Ireland with particular emphasis on the period from 2012-2015. Gender equality infrastructure, gender gaps in employment, unemployment, poverty and pay rates are analysed and women’s level of participation in political, economic and administrative decision-making in Ireland is detailed. Provision of childcare services, as well as the extent to which gender dimensions are taken into account in health and welfare policies, are also examined.
  • Publication
    Feminisation of Poverty - lone parents, migrant women and older women
    (European Commission, 2020-03-10)
    This chapter explored the inequalities experienced by specific sectors of women in an EU context focusing on lone parents, migrants and older women.