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- PublicationEconomic Crisis and Gender equality: Ireland and the EU(Foundation for European Progressive Studies, 2014-12)This paper explores gender dimensions to the austerity policies which have been pursued across the EU over the recent economic crisis years, with particular attention to Ireland. From a gender equality standpoint, it is interesting to examine the extent to which there are common gender dimensions to the policy processes that have been pursued across the EU. This paper looks at the Irish situation but also takes a comparative perspective drawing on analyses of core policies at EU level, exploring the gender patterns evident in the way in which economic and social policies have been developed and implemented.
- PublicationAusterity, gender and inequality - post recession Ireland?(Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung, 2020-03-08)Because of the persistent nature of economic disadvantage – and its gendered nature - inequality deepened over the crisis years in Ireland. This process has only partially been reversed. A central reason for the continuing high levels of gendered inequality is the absence of, or chronically low level of investment in public services, combined with a lack of political and corporate responsibility for urgently needed social infrastructure on care. This is linked to deeply embedded structural inequalities on the basis of social class, ethnicity, disability as well as gender. Ireland is a highly unequal society and specific minorities, have consistently been discriminated against and disadvantaged before, during and after the recent economic crisis. Within each of these groups or sectors, women face multiple forms of disadvantage and discrimination.
- PublicationNational expert assessment of The National Reform Programme 2012(European Commission, 2012-05-10)This Report was prepared for the EU Network on Gender Equality and Employment and focuses on the impact on women and men of the current economic crisis and particularly the economic and social policies that have been implemented between 2008 and 2012 and their impact on gender equality.
- PublicationGender Equality in Ireland 2015(European Parliament, 2015)Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this paper explores changes in gender equality legislation, policies and practices in Ireland with particular emphasis on the period from 2012-2015. Gender equality infrastructure, gender gaps in employment, unemployment, poverty and pay rates are analysed and women’s level of participation in political, economic and administrative decision-making in Ireland is detailed. Provision of childcare services, as well as the extent to which gender dimensions are taken into account in health and welfare policies, are also examined.
- PublicationReview of Ireland's Employment Policy from a Gender Perspective(Enege and the European Commission DG Justice and Consumers, 2015-02)European comparative data for Ireland reveals important features of the changing situation. Men’s unemployment rates are falling faster than women’s in Ireland. The unemployment rate (25-74) for men has fallen from 15.7% in 2012 to 13.5% in 2013 and 11.6% in 2014. On the contrary women’s unemployment rate (25-74) has dropped only slightly from 9.3% in 2012 to 9.2% in 2013 and 8.2% in 2014. As a result, the gender gap closed from 6.4p.p.to 4.3p.p. to 3.4p.p. in 2014 ranking Ireland 1st in the EU with the widest gender gap in unemployment (25-74). The EU-28 average was 8.8% for men and 9.2% for women in 2014 with a gender gap of -0.4p.p. Ireland stands out with its severe underrepresentation of women in national political structures. Only 16% of those in national parliament and 24% of those in national administration are women compared to EU-28 average of 29% in parliament and 40% in administration, ranking Ireland extremely low at 25th in the national administration and 23rd in the national parliament in 2015. A key reason, it can be argued, for the lack of priority placed on care provision is this chronic lack of representation of women in the decision-making system. One notable change is in the representation of women in national government (senior ministers) that increased from 13% to 27% between 2013 and 3Q2015, a rate that now ranks Ireland 15th with the EU-28 average at 27%.