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Gender Equality in Ireland 2015

2015, Barry, Ursula

Upon request by the FEMM Committee, this paper explores changes in gender equality legislation, policies and practices in Ireland with particular emphasis on the period from 2012-2015. Gender equality infrastructure, gender gaps in employment, unemployment, poverty and pay rates are analysed and women’s level of participation in political, economic and administrative decision-making in Ireland is detailed. Provision of childcare services, as well as the extent to which gender dimensions are taken into account in health and welfare policies, are also examined.

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National expert assessment of The National Reform Programme 2012

2012-05-10, Barry, Ursula

This Report was prepared for the EU Network on Gender Equality and Employment and focuses on the impact on women and men of the current economic crisis and particularly the economic and social policies that have been implemented between 2008 and 2012 and their impact on gender equality.

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Gender perspective on the economic crisis: Ireland in an EU context

2014-12, Barry, Ursula

This article asks to what extent there are common gender dimensions to the austerity policies that have been pursued in Ireland, and across the EU, throughout the economic crisis years. While focusing on the Irish experience in particular, a comparative perspective is used, drawing on analyses of core policies at EU level and exploring the gender patterns evident in the way in which economic and social policies have been developed and implemented. Evidence is presented of the disproportionate impact in Ireland of cuts in public expenditure on low-income households, lone parents, and unemployed households, and the way in which resources to care services have been de-prioritized. A detailed analysis of the gendered impact of the crisis in Ireland is seen to reinforce patterns that have been identified at global and EU levels. Consequences of decisions and choices made and their implications for gender equality and social inequality are examined, particularly the dismantling of equality legislative and policy infrastructure. Despite some important redistributive effects of social protection policies, new inequalities are revealed in inter-generational impacts of the crisis, which have received little attention, and are reflected in housing costs, negative labour market flexibility, a two-tier public sector, and emigration. The re-establishment of employment growth and other definite signs of recovery are unlikely to reverse the deepened inequalities that have marked this crisis, unless policies are radically changed.

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Women, equality and public policy

1998, Barry, Ursula

This article takes a gender perspective to the analysis of public policy in the late 1990s in Ireland.

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Feminisation of Poverty - lone parents, migrant women and older women

2020-03-10, Barry, Ursula

This chapter explored the inequalities experienced by specific sectors of women in an EU context focusing on lone parents, migrants and older women.

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Equality data issues : the use of data in pursuing equality

2000-01-31, Barry, Ursula

This report explores equality issues arising in the collection and publication of data in Ireland and the ways in which data may be used in equality policies and practices.

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What do we mean by bodily autonomy? And what does bodily autonomy mean for women in particular?

2018-03, Barry, Ursula

Women's bodily autonomy has been contested through history and Ireland is a key territory in which this contest continues to be played out – a contest with implications at a global level. Our contemporary history is littered with legal, political, economic and social ways in which women's autonomy has been limited and restricted Despite the Proclamation of 1916 declaring equal citizenship and equal opportunities, in reality the new Irish Free State of 1922 saw the introduction of a battery of anti-women legislation, restricting rights and roles and aiming at confining women to the domestic sphere. Most women in Ireland could not sign contracts, own property, open bank accounts, access paid work in most areas of the economy, sit on juries or until the 1990s access contraception and divorce. Women were forced to resign from paid employment on marriage across the civil service, public sector, banks and insurance (a law introduced in 1932 and only removed in 1973 on joining the EEC – later the EU) (Connolly 2005; 2015).

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Changing economic and social worlds of Irish women

2008-03, Barry, Ursula

This chapter analyses the changing social and economic position of Irish women over the two decades from 1990s with a focus on role of women as 'carer-earner'. The position of women in relation to paid employment, unpaid work, income and poverty are explored with particular reference to lone parents and women with disabilities.

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Gender equality perspective on Ireland's National Employment Action Plan 2004

2004-10, Barry, Ursula, Conlon, Catherine

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Discourses on Foetal Rights and Women's Embodiment

2015-10, Barry, Ursula

This chapter focuses on the changing discourses on foetal rights in Ireland, and internationally, and the consequences for women's embodiment. Court cases and court decisions are explored with a particular emphasis on new interpretations of foetal rights and their implications for women's bodily integrity and autonomy.