A U-Turn in the Asymmetric Appel Reaction: Stereospecific Reduction of Diastereomerically Enriched Alkoxyphosphonium Salts Allows the Asymmetric Synthesis of P-Stereogenic Phosphanes and Phosphane Boranes
An efficient one-pot synthesis has been developed of enantioenriched P-stereogenic phosphanes and phosphane boranes from the corresponding racemic phosphanes in excellent yield under asymmetric Appel conditions. The chiral auxiliary (menthol) can also be recovered unchanged. The simple and efficient protocol significantly expands the scope of our asymmetric Appel process. The crucial step in the preparation involves stereospecific reduction of intermediate diastereomeric alkoxyphosphonium salts, which are obtained in the reaction of phosphane, hexachloroacetone, and menthol. Thereby, reaction with LiAlH4 or NaBH4 gives the corresponding phosphanes or phosphane boranes, respectively.