c-Myc Regulates RNA Splicing of the A-Raf Kinase and Its Activation of the ERK Pathway
21 April 2011
29T10:23:40Z November 2013
A-Raf kinase can inhibit apoptosis by binding to the proapoptotic mammalian sterile 20-like kinase (MST2). This function relies on expression of hnRNP H, which ensures the correct splicing of a-raf mRNA needed to produce full-length A-Raf protein. Here, we showed that expression of hnRNP H and production of full-length A-Raf is positively controlled by c-Myc. Low c-Myc reduces hnRNP H expression and switches a-raf splicing to produce A-Rafshort, a truncated protein. Importantly, A-Rafshort fails to regulate MST2 but retains the Ras-binding domain such that it functions as a dominant negative mutant suppressing Ras activation and transformation. Human colon and head and neck cancers exhibit high hnRNP H and high c-Myc levels resulting in enhanced A-Raf expression and reduced expression of A-Rafshort. Conversely, in normal cells and tissues in which c-Myc and hnRNP H are low, A-Rafshort suppresses extracellular signal regulated kinase activation such that it may act as a safeguard against oncogenic transformation. Our findings offered a new paradigm to understand how c-Myc coordinates diverse cell functions by directly affecting alternate splicing of key signaling components.
Cancer Research UK and Science Foundation Ireland under grant no. 06/CE/B1129.
Type of Material
American Association for Cancer Research
Copyright (Published Version)
2011 American Association for Cancer Research
Status of Item
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License