In his 1944 text, Arcane 17, the Surrealism-founder, André Breton advocated increased political power for women, and yet invoked the hybrid body of the femme-enfant, Melusina as the image through which to articulate his vision. This paper discusses the hybridisation of the female form in Surrealist images and texts by Leonora Carrington and Remedios Varo, to question the role of the female hybrid body within Surrealism. Deliberately transgressive, visceral depictions of beastly hybrids are contrasted with harmonious visions of metamorphosis, to show how the gendering of hybrid bodies as female relates to the artists’ esoteric and exoteric depictions of human subjectivity.
Type of Material
Taylor & Francis
Bulletin of Spanish Studies - Hispanic Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal and Latin America