The human–canine environment: A risk factor for non-play bites?
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|Title:||The human–canine environment: A risk factor for non-play bites?||Authors:||Messam, Locksley L. McV.; Kass, Philip H.; Chomel, Bruno B.; Hart, Lynette A.||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/10180||Date:||Aug-2008||Online since:||2019-04-29T09:07:33Z||Abstract:||Few dog bite risk factor studies have been conducted. This veterinary clinic-based retrospective cohort study was aimed at identifying human-canine environmental risk factors for non-play bites in Kingston, Jamaica (660) and San Francisco (SF), USA (452). Data were analysed using modified Poisson regression with confounders selected using directed acyclic graphs (DAGs) and the change-in-estimate procedure. Dogs acquired for companionship were more likely (RR = 1.66; 95% CI 1.02-2.70) to bite than those acquired for protection. Routinely allowing a dog into the presence of visitors was also positively associated with it biting. A dog sleeping in a family member's bedroom was a risk factor for biting in Kingston (RR = 2.54; 95% CI 1.43-4.54) but not in SF, while being able to leave the yard unaccompanied was a risk factor for biting in SF (RR = 3.40; 95% CI 1.98-5.85) but not in Kingston. Overall, dogs which were less restricted in their interactions with humans were at elevated risk for biting. An observed association with dog bites in one cultural setting might not exist in another.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Elsevier||Journal:||Veterinary Journal||Volume:||177||Issue:||2||Start page:||205||End page:||215||Copyright (published version):||2007 Elsevier||Keywords:||Kingston; Jamaica; San Francisco; USA; Non-play; Dog; Bite; Risk factor||DOI:||10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.08.020||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Veterinary Medicine Research Collection|
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