Executive performance on the preschool executive task assessment in children with sickle cell anemia and matched controls

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Title: Executive performance on the preschool executive task assessment in children with sickle cell anemia and matched controls
Authors: Downes, Michelle
Kirkham, Fenella J.
Berg, Christine
et al.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/10476
Date: 28-Jun-2018
Online since: 2019-05-15T11:41:19Z
Abstract: Executive deficits are commonly reported in children with sickle cell anemia. Earlier identification of executive deficits would give more scope for intervention, but this cognitive domain has not been routinely investigated due to a lack of age-appropriate tasks normed for preschool children. In particular, information relating to patient performance on an executive task that reflects an everyday activity in the classroom could provide important insight and practical recommendations for the classroom teacher at this key developmental juncture as they enter the academic domain. The performance of 22 children with sickle cell anemia was compared to 24 matched control children on the Preschool Executive Task Assessment. Findings reveal that children with sickle cell anemia are performing poorer than their matched peers on this multi-step assessment. In particular, children with sickle cell anemia required more structured support to shift focus after a completed step, as reflected by poorer scores in the quantitative Sequencing and Completion domains. They also required more support to stay on task, as seen by poorer ratings in the qualitative Distractibility domain.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal: Child Neuropsychology
Volume: 25
Issue: 2
Start page: 278
End page: 285
Copyright (published version): 2018 Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Executive functionNeuropsychological assessmentPreschoolSickle cell diseaseSickle cell anemiaNeurodevelopmental disorders
DOI: 10.1080/09297049.2018.1491962
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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