Controls on Metal Distributions at the Lisheen and Silvermines Deposits: Insights into Fluid Flow Pathways in Irish-Type Zn-Pb Deposits
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|Title:||Controls on Metal Distributions at the Lisheen and Silvermines Deposits: Insights into Fluid Flow Pathways in Irish-Type Zn-Pb Deposits||Authors:||Torremans, Koen
Güven, John F.
Walsh, John J.
|Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/10617||Date:||1-Nov-2018||Online since:||2019-05-22T13:27:47Z||Abstract:||The world-class Irish Zn-Pb(-Ag) deposits occur within one of the world’s major metallogenic provinces. While it has been well documented that these orebodies are structurally controlled, exactly how fluids migrated from source to trap is still poorly understood. Using 3-D modeling techniques, the current study investigates metal distribution patterns at the Silvermines and Lisheen deposits to gain insights into fluid pathways and structural controls on mineralization. Distinct points along segmented normal faults are identified as the feeders to individual orebodies, allowing hot, hydrothermal, metal-bearing fluids to enter host rocks and form orebodies. These points are characterized by highly localized and elevated Ag, Cu, Co, Ni, and As concentrations as well as low Zn/Pb ratios, which increase away from the feeders. Metal distributions are initially controlled by major and minor normal faults and subsequently affected by later oblique-slip dextral and strike-slip faults. High-tonnage areas without typical feeder signals are interpreted to be structural trap sites, which are distal to fault-controlled feeder points. This study highlights both the importance of a well-connected plumbing system for metal-bearing fluids to reach their basinal traps and the control that an evolving structural framework has on spatial distribution of metals.||Funding Details:||European Commission Horizon 2020
European Commission - European Regional Development Fund
Science Foundation Ireland
|Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||GeoScienceWorld||Journal:||Economic Geology||Volume:||113||Issue:||7||Start page:||1455||End page:||1477||Copyright (published version):||2018 Society of Economic Geologists||Keywords:||Mineralization; Ireland; Basinal traps; Lead-zinc deposits; Orebodies; Fault zones||DOI:||10.5382/econgeo.2018.4598||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth Sciences Research Collection|
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