LiDAR point-cloud mapping of building façades for building energy performance simulation
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|Title:||LiDAR point-cloud mapping of building façades for building energy performance simulation||Authors:||O'Donnell, James; Truong-Hong, Linh; Boyle, Niamh; Corry, Edward; et al.||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/10995||Date:||Nov-2019||Online since:||2019-08-20T07:00:47Z||Abstract:||Current processes that create Building Energy Performance Simulation (BEPS) models are time consuming and costly, primarily due to the extensive manual inputs required for model population. In particular, generation of geometric inputs for existing building models requires significant manual intervention due to the absence, or outdated nature of available data or digital measurements. Additionally, solutions based on Building Information Modelling (BIM) also require high quality and precise geometrically-based models, which are not typically available for existing buildings. As such, this work introduces a semi-automated BEPS input solution for existing building exteriors that can be integrated with other related technologies (such as BIM or CityGML) and deployed across an entire building stock. Within the overarching approach, a novel sub-process automatically transforms a point cloud obtained from a terrestrial laser scanner into a representation of a building's exterior façade geometry as input data for a BEPS engine. Semantic enrichment is performed manually. This novel solution extends two existing approaches: (1) an angle criterion in boundary detection and (2) a voxelisation representation to improve performance. The use of laser scanning data reduces temporal costs and improves input accuracy for BEPS model generation of existing buildings. The approach is tested herein on two example cases. Vertical and horizontal accuracies of 1% and 7% were generated, respectively, when compared against independently produced, measured drawings. The approach showed variation in accuracy of model generation, particularly for upper floors of the test case buildings. However, the energy impacts resulting from these variations represented less than 1% of the energy consumption for both cases.||Funding Details:||European Commission - Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Elsevier BV||Journal:||Automation in Construction||Volume:||107||Copyright (published version):||2019 Elsevier||Keywords:||Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR); Laser scanning; City-scale modelling; Building Energy Performance Simulation (BEPS); Retrofit; Semi-automated façades generation||DOI:||10.1016/j.autcon.2019.102905||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection|
Energy Institute Research Collection
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