Are disparities in the educational performance of children from different family backgrounds associated with level of country development?

Title: Are disparities in the educational performance of children from different family backgrounds associated with level of country development?
Authors: O'Connell, Michael F.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11085
Date: Sep-2019
Online since: 2019-09-26T09:31:49Z
Abstract: Disparities in the educational performance of children of different family backgrounds is of interest to researchers, alongside the related issue of the trajectories of these disparities. Are gaps between more and less socially advantaged children widening or narrowing? The analysis in this paper examines data derived from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) to make comparisons in the mathematics and reading performance of representative samples of fifteen-year olds in 64 different countries in 2015. Specifically, the performance of children of highly educated versus moderately educated parents were compared, as were the children of fathers in high status occupations versus low/medium status occupations. United Nations data on country development, and OECD data on average country spending on children’s education were included in the assessment. Analysis indicated that the gap between children of less well-educated parents or of fathers in lower status occupations and those children whose parents were better educated, or whose fathers were in higher status occupations, were significantly greater in countries that were more developed. This was despite the evidence that more developed countries spend more per pupil in education.
Type of material: Working Paper
Keywords: Educational performanceIntergenerational achievementInternational comparisonParental educationFather's occupationCountry development
Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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