False Memories for Fake News During Ireland's Abortion Referendum

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Title: False Memories for Fake News During Ireland's Abortion Referendum
Authors: Murphy, GillianLoftus, Elizabeth FGrady, Rebecca HofsteinLevine, Linda JGreene, Ciara M.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11090
Date: 21-Aug-2019
Online since: 2019-09-26T14:17:11Z
Abstract: The current study examined false memories in the week preceding the 2018 Irish abortion referendum. Participants (N = 3,140) viewed six news stories concerning campaign events-two fabricated and four authentic. Almost half of the sample reported a false memory for at least one fabricated event, with more than one third of participants reporting a specific memory of the event. "Yes" voters (those in favor of legalizing abortion) were more likely than "no" voters to "remember" a fabricated scandal regarding the campaign to vote "no," and "no" voters were more likely than "yes" voters to "remember" a fabricated scandal regarding the campaign to vote "yes." This difference was particularly strong for voters of low cognitive ability. A subsequent warning about possible misinformation slightly reduced rates of false memories but did not eliminate these effects. This study suggests that voters in a real-world political campaign are most susceptible to forming false memories for fake news that aligns with their beliefs, in particular if they have low cognitive ability.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Sage
Journal: Psychological Science
Volume: 30
Issue: 10
Start page: 1449
End page: 1459
Copyright (published version): 2019 the Authors
Keywords: BiasFake newsFalse memoryMisinformationOpen dataOpen materialsPolitics
DOI: 10.1177/0956797619864887
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 0956-7976
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection

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