False Memories for Fake News During Ireland's Abortion Referendum
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|Title:||False Memories for Fake News During Ireland's Abortion Referendum||Authors:||Murphy, Gillian; Loftus, Elizabeth F; Grady, Rebecca Hofstein; Levine, Linda J; Greene, Ciara M.||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11090||Date:||21-Aug-2019||Online since:||2019-09-26T14:17:11Z||Abstract:||The current study examined false memories in the week preceding the 2018 Irish abortion referendum. Participants (N = 3,140) viewed six news stories concerning campaign events-two fabricated and four authentic. Almost half of the sample reported a false memory for at least one fabricated event, with more than one third of participants reporting a specific memory of the event. "Yes" voters (those in favor of legalizing abortion) were more likely than "no" voters to "remember" a fabricated scandal regarding the campaign to vote "no," and "no" voters were more likely than "yes" voters to "remember" a fabricated scandal regarding the campaign to vote "yes." This difference was particularly strong for voters of low cognitive ability. A subsequent warning about possible misinformation slightly reduced rates of false memories but did not eliminate these effects. This study suggests that voters in a real-world political campaign are most susceptible to forming false memories for fake news that aligns with their beliefs, in particular if they have low cognitive ability.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Sage||Journal:||Psychological Science||Volume:||30||Issue:||10||Start page:||1449||End page:||1459||Copyright (published version):||2019 the Authors||Keywords:||Bias; Fake news; False memory; Misinformation; Open data; Open materials; Politics||DOI:||10.1177/0956797619864887||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Research Collection|
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