Monocular accommodation response to random defocus changes induced by a tuneable lens

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Title: Monocular accommodation response to random defocus changes induced by a tuneable lens
Authors: Sharmin, NajninVohnsen, Brian
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Date: Dec-2019
Online since: 2020-03-05T13:16:19Z
Abstract: Accommodation of the human eye relies on multiple factors and visual cues that include object size, monochromatic and chromatic aberrations, and vergence. Yet, even in monocular conditions, accommodation corrects for defocus. Studies of eye growth in chicks have addressed whether the retina can decode the sign of defocus as this may play a role for emmetropization and possibly also accommodation. However, findings have not been unambiguous and questions remain. Here, we report on monocular accommodation studies of emmetropic and myopic human subjects to clarify whether foveal vision drives accommodation in the correct direction by removing out-of-focus blur potentially before relying on other cues. Subjects viewed monocularly a green target at 1-meter distance while being presented with a random sequence of negative defocus step changes induced by a pupil-conjugated currentdriven tuneable lens. The natural pupil was constricted by a pupil-conjugated motorized iris using three different diameters and target brightness was set with a liquid crystal variable attenuator. A Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor with an infrared beacon captured real-time changes of defocus and Zernike polynomial coefficients up to 4th radial order. We find that the young adult eye accommodates reliably in the correct direction but with a latency of 300 – 700 ms. The findings are discussed in relation to an absorption model of light in outer segments 2 that breaks the defocus symmetry and thus may serve as a plausible guide for accommodation and emmetropization.
Funding Details: European Commission Horizon 2020
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Vision Research
Volume: 165
Start page: 45
End page: 53
Copyright (published version): 2019 Elsevier
Keywords: AccomodationDefocusEye modelRetina modelGeometrical optics
DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2019.10.002
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Physics Research Collection

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