What Differentiates Children with ADHD Symptoms Who Do and Do Not Receive a Formal Diagnosis? Results from a Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study

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Title: What Differentiates Children with ADHD Symptoms Who Do and Do Not Receive a Formal Diagnosis? Results from a Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study
Authors: O'Connor, CliodhnaMcNicholas, Fiona
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11330
Date: Feb-2020
Online since: 2020-03-20T13:38:11Z
Abstract: ADHD diagnoses are increasing worldwide, in patterns involving both overdiagnosis of some groups and underdiagnosis of others. The current study uses data from a national longitudinal study of Irish children (N = 8568) to examine the sociodemographic, clinical and psychological variables that differentiate children with high hyperactivity/inattention symptoms, who had and had not received a diagnosis of ADHD. Analysis identified no significant differences in the demographic characteristics or socio-emotional wellbeing of 9-year-olds with hyperactivity/inattention who had and who had not received a diagnosis of ADHD. However, by age 13, those who had held a diagnosis at 9 years showed more emotional and peer relationship problems, worse prosocial behaviour, and poorer self-concept. Further research is required to clarify the developmental pathways responsible for these effects.
Funding Details: European Commission Horizon 2020
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer
Journal: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume: 51
Start page: 138
End page: 150
Copyright (published version): 2019 Springer
Keywords: ADHDChild wellbeingDiagnosisIrelandLongitudinal
DOI: 10.1007/s10578-019-00917-1
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Psychology Research Collection
Medicine Research Collection

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