What Differentiates Children with ADHD Symptoms Who Do and Do Not Receive a Formal Diagnosis? Results from a Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study
|Title:||What Differentiates Children with ADHD Symptoms Who Do and Do Not Receive a Formal Diagnosis? Results from a Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study||Authors:||O'Connor, Cliodhna; McNicholas, Fiona||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11330||Date:||Feb-2020||Online since:||2020-03-20T13:38:11Z||Abstract:||ADHD diagnoses are increasing worldwide, in patterns involving both overdiagnosis of some groups and underdiagnosis of others. The current study uses data from a national longitudinal study of Irish children (N = 8568) to examine the sociodemographic, clinical and psychological variables that differentiate children with high hyperactivity/inattention symptoms, who had and had not received a diagnosis of ADHD. Analysis identified no significant differences in the demographic characteristics or socio-emotional wellbeing of 9-year-olds with hyperactivity/inattention who had and who had not received a diagnosis of ADHD. However, by age 13, those who had held a diagnosis at 9 years showed more emotional and peer relationship problems, worse prosocial behaviour, and poorer self-concept. Further research is required to clarify the developmental pathways responsible for these effects.||Funding Details:||European Commission Horizon 2020||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Springer||Journal:||Child Psychiatry and Human Development||Volume:||51||Start page:||138||End page:||150||Copyright (published version):||2019 Springer||Keywords:||ADHD; Child wellbeing; Diagnosis; Ireland; Longitudinal||DOI:||10.1007/s10578-019-00917-1||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed||ISSN:||0009-398X|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Research Collection|
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