Unexpected reactions of NHC*—CuI and —AgI bromides with potassium thio- or seleno­cyanate

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Title: Unexpected reactions of NHC*—CuI and —AgI bromides with potassium thio- or seleno­cyanate
Authors: Tacke, MatthiasMarhöfer, DanielAlthani, HessahMüller-Bunz, Helge
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11347
Date: Nov-2019
Online since: 2020-04-21T14:49:42Z
Abstract: The reactions of N-heterocyclic carbene CuI and AgI halides with potassium thio- or seleno­cyanate gave unexpected products. The attempted substitution reaction of bromido­(1,3-dibenzyl-4,5-di­phenyl­imidazol-2-yl­idene)silver (NHC*—Ag—Br) with KSCN yielded bis­[bis­(1,3-dibenzyl-4,5-di­phenyl­imidazol-2-yl­idene)silver(I)] tris­(thio­cyanato)­argentate(I) diethyl ether disolvate, [Ag(C29H24N2)2][Ag(NCS)3]·2C4H10O or [NHC*2Ag]2[Ag(SCN)3]·2Et2O, (1), while reaction with KSeCN led to bis­(μ-1,3-dibenzyl-4,5-diphenyl-2-seleno­imidazole-κ2Se:Se)bis­[bromido­(1,3-dibenzyl-4,5-diphenyl-2-seleno­imid­azole-κSe)silver(I)] di­chloro­methane hexa­solvate, [Ag2Br2(C29H24N2Se)4]·6CH2Cl2 or (NHC*Se)4Ag2Br2·6CH2Cl2, (2), via oxidation of the NHC* fragment to 2-seleno­imidazole. This oxidation was observed again in the reaction of NHC*—Cu—Br with KSeCN, yielding catena-poly[[[(1,3-dibenzyl-4,5-diphenyl-2-seleno­imidazole-κSe)copper(I)]-μ-cyanido-κ2C:N] aceto­nitrile monosolvate], {[Cu(CN)(C29H24N2Se)]·C2H3N}n or NHC*Se—CuCN·CH3CN, (3). Compound (1) represents an organic/inorganic salt with AgI in a linear coordination in each of the two cations and in a trigonal coordination in the anion, accompanied by diethyl ether solvent mol­ecules. The tri-blade boomerang-shaped complex anion [Ag(SCN)3]2− present in (1) is characterized by X-ray diffraction for the first time. Compound (2) comprises an isolated centrosymmetric mol­ecule with AgI in a distorted tetra­hedral BrSe3 coordination, together with di­chloro­methane solvent mol­ecules. Compound (3) exhibits a linear polymeric 1∞[Cu—C≡N—Cu—] chain structure with a seleno­imidazole moiety additionally coordinating to each CuI atom, and completed by aceto­nitrile solvent mol­ecules. Electron densities associated with an additional ether solvent mol­ecule in (1) and two additional di­chloro­methane solvent mol­ecules in (2) were removed with the SQUEEZE procedure [Spek (2015[Spek, A. L. (2015). Acta Cryst. C71, 9-18.]). Acta Cryst. C71, 9–18] in PLATON.
Funding Details: European Commission
University College Dublin
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: International Union of Crystallography
Journal: Acta Crystallographica Section E: Crystallographic Communications
Volume: 75
Issue: 11
Start page: 1657
End page: 1663
Copyright (published version): 2019 the Authors
Keywords: N-Heterocyclic carbeneCopper(I)silver(I)Thio­cyanateSeleno­cyanated10 electron configurationCrystal structure
DOI: 10.1107/s2056989019013719
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Chemistry Research Collection

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