The retraction of the protoplast during PCD is an active, and interruptible, calcium-flux driven process

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Title: The retraction of the protoplast during PCD is an active, and interruptible, calcium-flux driven process
Authors: Kacprzyk, JoannaBrogan, Niall P.Daly, Cara T.Doyle, Siamsa M.Diamond, MarkMolony, Elizabeth M.McCabe, Paul F.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11577
Date: 1-Jul-2017
Online since: 2020-09-22T10:18:35Z
Abstract: The protoplast retracts during apoptosis-like programmed cell death (AL-PCD) and, if this retraction is an active component of AL-PCD, it should be used as a defining feature for this type of programmed cell death. We used an array of pharmacological and genetic tools to test if the rates of protoplast retraction in cells undergoing AL-PCD can be modulated. Disturbing calcium flux signalling, ATP synthesis and mitochondrial permeability transition all inhibited protoplast retraction and often also the execution of the death programme. Protoplast retraction can precede loss of plasma membrane integrity and cell death can be interrupted after the protoplast retraction had already occurred. Blocking calcium influx inhibited the protoplast retraction, reduced DNA fragmentation and delayed death induced by AL-PCD associated stresses. At higher levels of stress, where cell death occurs without protoplast retraction, blocking calcium flux had no effect on the death process. The results therefore strongly suggest that retraction of the protoplast is an active biological process dependent on an early Ca2+-mediated trigger rather than cellular disintegration due to plasma membrane damage. Therefore this morphologically distinct cell type is a quantifiable feature, and consequently, reporter of AL-PCD.
Funding Details: Irish Research Council
metadata.dc.description.othersponsorship: UCD School of Biology and Environmental Science postgraduate funding award
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Plant Science
Volume: 260
Start page: 50
End page: 59
Copyright (published version): 2017 Elsevier
Keywords: ProtoplastsNecrosisCalciumPlant proteinsSignal transductionCell deathDNA fragmentation
DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2017.04.001
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Biology & Environmental Science Research Collection

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