The impact of COVID-19 on health systems, mental health and the potential for nursing.

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Title: The impact of COVID-19 on health systems, mental health and the potential for nursing.
Authors: Frawley, TimothyFionn, Van GelderenSomanadhan, SujaCoveney, KatePhelan, AmandaLynam-Loane, PaulDe Brún, Aoife
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Date: 16-Sep-2020
Online since: 2020-10-06T14:52:34Z
Abstract: Coronovirus (COVID-19) has emerged as the first global pandemic in the twenty-first century (Anderson et al., 2020). COVID-19 is an infection from the new coronavirus Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoVid-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Historically, coronaviruses only caused infections in animals. To date, we know of at least seven that have transferred to human beings. Most of these corona-related infections have caused mild symptoms. However, two, the Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) have proved more severe and resulted in deaths (Ludwick & Zarbock, 2020). Political and health systems’ responses to COVID-19 have demanded extraordinary public health measures at a population level to respond to modifiable factors such as opportunity and transmission (Kucharski, 2020). Globally, the COVID-19 pandemic has imposed significant restrictions on social contact. In Ireland, a series of targeted social movement measures were implemented from March 27th, 2020. These included practices such as social distancing and cocooning for people over 70 years and those with various morbidities. Responses have also been focused on mass population based testing, isolation of those who are positive, contact tracing and social isolation of contacts. While the mental health impacts of this pandemic are not fully clarified, it is reasonable to project that there will be unintended, yet enduring impacts in the context of individual mental health, population health as well as impacts on the way health services are delivered in the medium term until a vaccine is isolated.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Journal: Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine
Copyright (published version): 2020 the Authors
Keywords: CoronavirusCOVID-19Health systemsMoral distressMoral distressMental healthSocietal impact
DOI: 10.1017/ipm.2020.105
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Nursing, Midwifery & Health Systems Research Collection

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