Functional, physiological and subjective responses to concurrent neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) exercise in adult cancer survivors: a controlled prospective study

Title: Functional, physiological and subjective responses to concurrent neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) exercise in adult cancer survivors: a controlled prospective study
Authors: O'Connor, DominicLennon, OliveMora Fernandez, MatildeSignorelli, GabrielCaulfield, Brian
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11634
Date: 19-Aug-2020
Online since: 2020-10-20T11:16:34Z
Abstract: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the functional, physiological and subjective responses to NMES exercise in cancer patients. Participants with a cancer diagnosis, currently undergoing treatment, and an had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (ECOG) of 1 and 2 were recommended to participate by their oncologist. Following a 2-week, no-NMES control period, each participant was asked to undertake a concurrent NMES exercise intervention over a 4-week period. Functional muscle strength [30 s sit-to-stand (30STS)], mobility [timed up and go (TUG)], exercise capacity [6-min walk test (6MWT)] and health related quality of life (HR-QoL) were assessed at baseline 1 (BL1), 2-week post control (BL2) and post 4-week NMES exercise intervention (POST). Physiological and subjective responses to LF-NMES were assessed during a 10-stage incremental session, recorded at BL2 and POST. Fourteen participants [mean age: 62 years (10)] completed the intervention. No adverse events were reported. 30STS (+ 2.4 reps, p =.007), and 6MWT (+ 44.3 m, p =.028) significantly improved after the intervention. No changes in TUG or HR-QoL were observed at POST. Concurrent NMES exercise may be an effective exercise intervention for augmenting physical function in participants with cancer and moderate and poor functional status. Implications for cancer survivors: By allowing participants to achieve therapeutic levels of exercise, concurrent NMES may be an effective supportive intervention in cancer rehabilitation.
Funding Details: European Commission Horizon 2020
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal: Scientific Reports
Volume: 10
Copyright (published version): 2020 the Authors
Keywords: Performance statusMuscle strengthReliabilityCapacityCachexiaDistance
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-71006-w
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science Research Collection

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