A Delay-Tolerant Payment Scheme Based on the Ethereum Blockchain

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Title: A Delay-Tolerant Payment Scheme Based on the Ethereum Blockchain
Authors: Hu, YiningManzoor, AhsanEkparinya, ParinyaLiyanage, Madhusankaet al.
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/11692
Date: 6-Mar-2019
Online since: 2020-11-11T12:29:31Z
Abstract: Digital banking as an essential service can be hard to access in remote, rural regions where the network connectivity is unavailable or intermittent. The payment operators like Visa and Mastercard often face difficulties reaching these remote, rural areas. Although micro-banking has been made possible by short message service or unstructured supplementary service data messages in some places, their security flaws and session-based nature prevent them from wider adoption. Global-level cryptocurrencies enable low-cost, secure, and pervasive money transferring among distributed peers, but are still limited in their ability to reach people in remote communities. We propose a blockchain-based digital payment scheme that can deliver reliable services on top of unreliable networks in remote regions. We focus on a scenario where a community-run base station provides reliable local network connectivity while intermittently connects to the broader Internet. We take advantage of the distributed verification guarantees of the Blockchain technology for financial transaction verification and leverage smart contracts for secure service management. In the proposed system, payment operators deploy multiple proxy nodes that are intermittently connected to the remote communities where the local blockchain networks, such as Ethereum are composed of miners, vendors, and regular users. Through probabilistic modeling, we devise design parameters for the blockchain network to realize robust operation over the top of the unreliable network. Furthermore, we show that the transaction processing time will not be significantly impacted due to the network unreliability through extensive emulations on a private Ethereum network. Finally, we demonstrate the practical feasibility of the proposed system by developing Near Field Communication (NFC)-enabled payment gateways on Raspberry-Pis, a mobile wallet application and mining nodes on off-The-shelf computers.
Funding Details: European Commission Horizon 2020
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: IEEE
Journal: IEEE Access
Volume: 7
Start page: 33159
End page: 33172
Copyright (published version): 2019 IEEE
Keywords: BlockchainInternetBankingSmart contractsSatellitesSecurityBase stationsDelay-tolerant networkDigital bankingRemote regions
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2903271
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 2169-3536
Appears in Collections:Computer Science Research Collection

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This item is available under the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland. No item may be reproduced for commercial purposes. For other possible restrictions on use please refer to the publisher's URL where this is made available, or to notes contained in the item itself. Other terms may apply.